SBI Research: Finding Ways To Support States Tide Over Rs Three Lakh Revenue Shortfall From GST
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SBI Research Report
The Government has given option to state governments to borrow as much as Rs 2.35 lakh crore in the form of borrowings, over and above Rs 4.28 lakh crore allowed to states under Atmanirbhar package. However, Article 293 (3) of the Indian Constitution imposes certain restrictions on the borrowings by the state governments.
The Article stipulates that a state may not, without the consent of the Government of India, raise any borrowings if it has any loan outstanding, which is repayable to the Government of India.
Furthermore, under the Constitution, State Governments, unlike the centre, cannot borrow externally.
The centre plays the role of an intermediary in the transfer of external borrowings to States.
We propose three options of how states meet the shortfall-
1.The first option is the Reserve Bank of India monetizes state debt,
2. The next option in borrowing could be a review and enlargement of ways and means advances (WMA)
3. The third option is recourse to National Small Savings Fund (NSSF).
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