Meet the Badass Stars of Oscar-Winning ‘Period. End of Sentence.’
These women – who starred in ‘Period. End of Sentence.’ – are challenging the taboo over menstruation.

Meet the Badass Stars of Oscar-Winning ‘Period. End of Sentence.’

Cameraperson: Nitin Chopra

Video Editor: Purnendu Pritam

'Period. End of Sentence.' won an oscar for the best documentary under short subject category this year. The film was shot in Kathikhera, a small village near Hapur district of Uttar Pradesh. The documentary may have brought to attention the state of menstrual hygiene in rural India and the taboo over periods, but another story remains untold. The story of the women who made it happen. The women who are striving to stand on their own feet in their own individual manner.

(Photo: The Quint)
Some 10 grams of cotton is used to make each pad.
(Photo: The Quint)
The cotton is then moulded in the shape of a pad.
(Photo: The Quint)
The pads are pressed in machines to make them thinner and intact.
(Photo: The Quint)
They are then put together with glue.
(Photo: The Quint)
These pads are biodegradable.
(Photo: The Quint)
The wings of these pads are manually shaped.
(Photo: The Quint)
Pads are then sanitised and finally packed.

A Quiet Revolution in Their Village and Beyond

It began in 2017, when a small sanitary pad-manufacturing machine was installed in Kathikhera with the help of Delhi-based NGO Action India. The Quint visited Kathikhera and its neighbouring village Soodna to meet the women, who have challenged the idea of shame associated with menstruation.

Shabana, an area coordinator with Action India, has been working in Kathikhera for more than 20 years now. She said:

“The pad project created a ruckus in the village. Cameras followed soon after the machines were installed. People also called the project illegal. They (people from the village) said they would not let us set the machine. We faced a lot of opposition.”   
(Photo: The Quint)
Sabla Mahila Udyog, where women of Kathikhera manufacture sanitary napkins.

Eventually, a small factory was set up in Kathikhera, and they wanted to employ women.

Action India’s field employee Suman recalls the challenges they faced in the nascent stages. “People started laughing at us and questioning if a sanitary pad manufacturing machine would actually get installed in the village. In fact, we would joke among ourselves about it, about how we will make pads,” she added.

“The biggest achievement is that this is the first kind of employment opportunity in our village, especially for women. We were very excited that something has especially emerged for us. This is my first job. It was a really big deal to me.”
Sneh, Employee  
(Photo: The Quint)
These women go door-to-door selling pads and explaining women the benefits of using them.

After success in Kathikhera, another machine was installed in September 2018 in Soodna, a neighbouring village 15 km away.

Today, the two units employ 7 women each, who work from 9am to 6 pm, six days a week, and earn Rs 2,000-2,500 per month.

But that’s not it.

Their Journey Is Not Over

Rakhi, a factory employee who manages the unit in Kathikhera, said that they pull extra hours on Sundays if they fail to achieve their target of manufacturing 600 pads per day.

Sushma, another employee, said she tries to skip her lunch break, so that she can wind up her work earlier.

“I tell them not to give me one-hour lunch break, so that I can leave early in order to finish my household chores. I have responsibilities at home. I have to look after my kids, my husband, in-laws and the cattle at home.”
Sushma, Employee  

Sushma’s day does not end there. She said that she enjoys going door-to-door to sell pads and explaining to young girls the benefits of using them. Still, she has not told her parents about what she does in her job.

“How will I show my face to my parents if they get to know about this? They will wonder what kind of work their daughter is doing,” Sushma said.
(Photo: The Quint)
Most women 

‘Aren’t You Ashamed of Doing This Work?’

From facing opposition from the villagers to selling pads, a topic they can’t always discuss publicly, these women have come a long way. But they are often teased about their work, the women say.

“People know what we do but they still gossip about it. Young boys tease us. How do we retaliate? We keep hoping that they will stop gradually. It is embarrassing but not as much as it was earlier.”
Anjali, Employee

Susheela, who is a field worker in Soodna, told The Quint: “People consider periods shameful. We cannot discuss them openly. People say that manufacturing pads is so shameful. They ask us if we aren’t ashamed of doing such work.”

“They taunt us by saying that we make pads. They keep throwing insults at us, so we don’t like it. They think we are doing something wrong because we go out to work.”   
Pooja, Employee
(Photo: The Quint)
People know what we do but they still gossip about it. Young boys tease us. How do we retaliate?: Anjali, Employee

Have Men Changed Their Stand?

“How will they talk to their fathers about it (pads)? They may discuss such things with their friends, but why would they discuss such things with their fathers,” asked Rajendra Singh, a local.

However, Kanishk, another local, said he believes that the units should continue operating if it helps women. “They (pads) are safer for women as compared to cloth,” he added, conceding that he doesn’t know a lot about the issue.

(Photo: The Quint)
Shivani is taking her Board exams this year. She wants to use her salary to fund her education and marriage.

Their Aim? Financial Independence

Their story isn’t just about battling the stigma of menstruation. Some of them have another reason to work at the units – financial independence and contributing to household expenses.

Shivani, who is also taking her Board exams this year, wants to use her salary to fund her education and marriage.

“I don’t want to be a burden on my parents. I want to do something of my own.”
Shivani, Employee
(Photo: The Quint)
Rukhsana is very extremely happy because she recently bought slippers worth Rs 200 with her salary.

On the other hand, 18-year-old Rukhsana – who wishes to become a singer – spends most of her salary on snacks and whatever remains, she spends it on buying clothes for herself and her brothers.

Despite all the taunts, these women work from dawn to dusk to fulfil their aspirations, all the time, putting the spotlight back on menstruation.

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