What’s in a Deal? The Brexit Extension’s Key Points Summarized
ourists wearing a hat featuring the design of a British Union flag, also known as a Union Jack, walk over Westminster Bridge in London, U.K. (Photographer: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg)

What’s in a Deal? The Brexit Extension’s Key Points Summarized

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The European Union agreed to grant the U.K. up to three more months to finalize its departure from the bloc. The decision, which is subject to approval by the British government, will be formally endorsed by EU leaders via a written procedure by Tuesday or Wednesday.

The terms of the extension are detailed in a six-page-long legal decision, and a two-page declaration explaining the reasoning behind the delay. Here are the main points:

  • Brexit will take place on the first day of the month following the ratification of the Withdrawal Agreement, “or on 1 February 2020, whichever is the earliest.” In practice, this means that the U.K. can withdraw either on Dec. 1 or Jan. 1, if the House of Commons and the European Parliament ratify the exit deal before these dates.
  • The Withdrawal Agreement isn’t up for renegotiation during the extension period. Note that EU leaders took a similar decision when they granted the previous extension in April -- but broke their rule after Johnson’s government, which has different red lines from its predecessors, took office.
  • The U.K. must nominate a candidate for EU Commissioner after the extension is granted. However, the wording of the documents suggests that the confirmation process for the British candidate may not be finalized before the end of January, meaning the U.K. won’t actually get to have a commissioner.
  • The EU reminds the U.K. that it still has the right to revoke Brexit.
  • EU governments warn that the U.K should do nothing which is seen as sabotaging the bloc during the extension period.
  • The EU warns that any unilateral commitment, statement or other act by the U.K. should be compatible with the letter and the spirit of the Withdrawal Agreement, and must not hamper its implementation.
  • The extension cannot be used to start negotiations on the future relationship between the EU and the U.K.

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