Texas Ballot Box Restrictions Reinstated by Appeals Court
A Venezuelan citizen living in the United States casts a ballot at a polling station during a symbolic plebiscite in New York, U.S. (Photographer: Geraldine Hope Ghelli/Bloomberg)

Texas Ballot Box Restrictions Reinstated by Appeals Court

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Texas restrictions allowing only a single drop-box for mail-in ballots in each county were reinstated by a federal appeals court that said the governor’s concerns about ballot security outweigh voting-rights activists’ worries that millions of voters won’t be able to safely access the drop-box.

The federal appeals court in New Orleans late Monday sided with Republican Governor Greg Abbott who on Oct. 1 ordered the shuttering of multiple drop boxes where thousands of ballots in some of Texas’s largest counties were already collected.

Though a Republican bulwark in recent decades, Texas is a toss-up this year, and its populous urban areas lean Democratic. Harris County, the third-largest county in the nation by population and home to Houston, had for weeks advertised a dozen ballot drop-box sites to serve 2.4 million registered voters spread over almost 2,000 square miles.

The three-judge appellate panel -- all appointed by President Donald Trump -- accepted Abbott’s claim that multiple drop boxes create opportunities for voter fraud, although the state presented no evidence such fraud exists. The judges said no proof of actual voter fraud was necessary to justify the state’s protective measures.

Luis Roberto Vera Jr., national general counsel of the League of United Latin American Citizens which is leading the mail drop-box challenge, said in a text message Tuesday that the groups will ask the U.S. Supreme Court to put the New Orleans court’s ruling on hold.

The Texas counties with mail-ballot drop boxes were requiring voters to show photo ID and sign a register before personally handing in their ballot, just as Texans must do when voting at the polls. Abbott complained, however, there wouldn’t be enough poll watchers to monitor all the drop sites for an entire month preceding the election.

Postal Concerns

County officials said they expect more than 300,000 Houstonians to vote by mail in the presidential election, with many opting to hand-deliver their ballots to avoid postal delays that could prevent their ballots from arriving in time to be counted.

The appellate panel dismissed activists’ concerns about untimely postal performance as well as vulnerable voters’ fear of risking their health by gathering in crowds to vote or drop off ballots during the coronavirus pandemic. The judges said voters who don’t want to be inconvenienced by driving further or waiting in long lines to hand-deliver their ballots could simply drop them in the mail or vote in-person instead.

Critics called Abbott’s last-minute restriction a naked attempt at voter suppression. Texas countered that judges and the public have no right to second-guess policy choices elected officials make when dealing with an evolving public-health emergency.

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