Pound Declines as England Braces for a Month-Long Lockdown
A cluster of one pound sterling coins sit on a British Union flag, also known as a Union Jack, in this arranged photograph in London, U.K. (Photographer: Hollie Adams/Bloomberg)

Pound Declines as England Braces for a Month-Long Lockdown

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The pound declined to the weakest level in a month on concern a lockdown across England would deal a painful blow to an economy already reeling from similar measures earlier this year.

Sterling fell as much as 0.7% to $1.2855, the lowest since Oct. 7, after Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Saturday announced the month-long restrictions amid concern that the coronavirus is spreading rapidly.

It trimmed losses to trade 0.2% weaker as of 12:32 p.m. in London.

Pound Declines as England Braces for a Month-Long Lockdown

“Another lockdown is the worst-case scenario for the U.K. economy and the pound,” said Lee Hardman, a foreign-exchange strategist at MUFG Bank. “It will increase pressure on the Bank of England to deliver even more aggressive stimulus at this week’s policy meeting.”

Bloomberg Economics said the second lockdown will mean the economy contracts in the fourth quarter and that the BOE will increase its asset purchase target this week by possibly more than the 100 billion pounds ($129 billion) previously forecast. The central bank will decide on policy on Nov. 5, the same day the latest lockdown measures come into effect.

Several Factors

The shutdown is competing with a range of factors likely to influence the pound this week, from optimism about a breakthrough on Brexit trade negotiations with the European Union to the U.S. election on Tuesday. Uncertainty around the vote has driven the cost of hedging the pound over one week to its highest since April.

Pound Declines as England Braces for a Month-Long Lockdown

“I would expect that if it wasn’t for hopes of a Brexit trade agreement that the pound would be a lot lower,” said Jane Foley, head of foreign-exchange strategy at Rabobank, adding that a stronger U.S. dollar is exaggerating the latest move in the pound.

The changing outlook pushed investors into seeking safety in U.K. government debt, sending the yield on 10-year gilts down three basis points to 0.23%.

Despite Monday’s decline, the pound could rise into the end of the week -- particularly if Democratic nominee Joe Biden emerges victorious in the U.S. presidential election, said Jordan Rochester, a currency strategist at Nomura International Plc. He sees sterling potentially rising as high as $1.35, a gain of nearly 5%, by the weekend.

“I still think the path by the end of the week (Biden, a blue wave, Brexit progress) is a softer dollar and the pound higher with it,” he said.

©2020 Bloomberg L.P.

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