Johnson Urged to Ban Huawei in U.K. 5G Networks by End-2021
An attendee views a gallery of pictures taken on a P9 smartphone, manufactured by Huawei Technologies in London, U.K. (Photographer: Chris Ratcliffe/Bloomberg)

Johnson Urged to Ban Huawei in U.K. 5G Networks by End-2021

Boris Johnson is under pressure to announce a ban on telecoms companies from installing new equipment made by Huawei Technologies Co in Britain’s fifth-generation mobile networks from as soon as the end of 2021.

Britain’s National Security Council meets Tuesday to decide on the company’s future in the U.K. in the wake of U.S. sanctions against the company. According to people familiar with the matter, a review concluded that Huawei will now have to use untrusted microchips, making 5G security risks impossible for the U.K. government to control. Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden could announce the decision straight afterward.

Members of Parliament in Johnson’s own Conservative Party have been determined to force the government to reverse its January decision to allow the company to supply 5G equipment. Confident that they’ve won that argument, they now want specific commitments on timing.

“The sanctions have changed the dynamic,” said Bob Seely, one of the leading Conservative rebels. “The government is listening, and it’s important to give them credit for trying to do the right thing.”

Two Dates

Seely said MPs wanted two things from the government: A “no new kit date,” after which no one would be able to install Huawei equipment, and a “rip out date,” by which time the company’s technology would have to be completely removed. He said he favored a no new kit date in late 2021, and he said the debate among his colleagues for the rip-out date was between 2023 and 2025.

Johnson Urged to Ban Huawei in U.K. 5G Networks by End-2021

U.K. telecoms companies have warned of potential loss of service if they’re forced to move too quickly. BT Group Plc Chief Executive Officer Philip Jansen on Monday said that if the company is required to strip out Huawei 5G kit, “ideally we’d want seven years, and we could probably do it in five.” But he warned that if the ban extended to the entire network, it would be “impossible to do under 10 years.”

“We need to make sure that any change of direction doesn’t lead to more risk in the short term,” Jansen said, adding that BT will need to carry out 15 to 20 big software upgrades over the next 5 years. “If you don’t have these software upgrades, you’re running gaps in critical software that could have security implications far bigger than” under current plans to restrict Huawei to 35% of the network.

Other potential Tory rebels didn’t go so far as Seely. Neil O’Brien said he was “open-minded” on timing, and said he was less worried about forcing the removal of older equipment “which will come to the end of its life over a couple of years.” Damian Green also said he was “less concerned” about older equipment, and said he simply wanted a new equipment ban “in this Parliament” -- by 2024.

Warning Shot

Any reversal in the U.K. position will allay the concerns of the U.S., which opposed Johnson’s decision in January to allow Huawei’s continued involvement in building out its network. With U.S. National Security Adviser Robert O’Brien traveling to France for 3 days, his U.K. counterpart, Mark Sedwill, will travel there to meet him for talks on China, the Times of London reported on Monday.

A crackdown on Huawei would further escalate tensions between London and Beijing, already under strain over Hong Kong and the handling of the coronavirus pandemic. But the level of opposition in parliament leaves Johnson with little choice.

Conservative MPs fired a warning shot in a symbolic vote in early March. The escalating diplomatic row over Hong Kong is only likely to have increased their fears about allowing a company with close ties to the Chinese state to supply equipment for critical infrastructure.

“I’m calling for a fundamental foreign policy overhaul,” Tobias Ellwood, Tory chairman of the House of Commons Defence Committee, told Talkradio on Monday. “China is now actually a full competitor to us and threatens us in certain aspects of life.”

©2020 Bloomberg L.P.

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