Board Exams To Be Made Easy; Teaching Up To Class 5 In Mother Tongue, Regional Language
Making board exams easy, reduction of curriculum to core concepts, replacement of 10+2 structure of school curricula with a 5+3+3+4 structure and teaching up to at least class 5 in the mother tongue or a regional language, are among the many reforms outlined in the new National Education Policy.
The National Education Policy was approved by the Union Cabinet on Wednesday.
Elaborating on the reforms, School Education Secretary Anita Karwal, at a briefing, said, "Board exams for classes 10 and 12 will be continued, but will be reformed to eliminate the need for taking coaching classes."
"Board exams will be redesigned to encourage holistic development and will be made easier by testing core capacities and competencies. All students will be allowed to take board exams on up to two occasions during any given school year — one main examination and one for improvement, if desired," she said. "All students will take school examinations in classes 3, 5, and 8, which will be conducted by the appropriate authority."
As per the new policy, the 10+2 structure of school curricula will be replaced with a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to age groups 3-8, 8-11, 11-14 and 14-18 years, respectively.
"This will bring the hitherto uncovered age group of 3-6 years under school curriculum, which has been recognised globally as the crucial stage for development of mental faculties of a child. The new system will have 12 years of schooling with three years of anganwadi and pre-schooling," she said.
The new system will cover four stages — foundational stage (three years of anganwadi or pre-school followed by classes 1-2), preparatory stage (classes 3-5), middle stage (classes 6-8) and secondary stage (classes 9-12).
"Students will have increased flexibility and choice of subjects so that they choose their own paths according to their talents and interests. There will be no rigid separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extra-curricular activities, between vocational and academic streams.
"The objective is to give equal emphasis on all subjects — science, social sciences, art, languages, sports, mathematics — with integration of vocational and academic streams in school," Karwal said.
The NEP has laid emphasis on promoting multilingualism so that children know and learn about the rich and vast array of languages of their country.
The medium of instruction until at least class 5, but preferably till class 8 and beyond, will be the home language, mother tongue, local language and regional language, Karwal said.
"Sanskrit will be offered at all levels of school and higher education as an important, enriching option for students, including as an option in the three-language formula. Foreign languages, such as Korean, Japanese, Thai, French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, and Russian, will also be offered at the secondary level," she said.
The states and union territories will be required to set up independent State School Standards Authority.
"Transparent public self-disclosure of all the basic regulatory information, as laid down by the SSSA, will be used extensively for public oversight and accountability. The SCERT will develop a School Quality Assessment and Accreditation Framework through consultations with all stakeholders," she said.
States will prepare their own curricula and prepare textbooks incorporating state flavour and material. The availability of textbooks in all regional languages will be a top priority. Reducing the weight of school bags and textbooks will also be ensured by suitable changes in curriculum load.
"Infrastructure support, innovative education centres to bring back dropouts into the mainstream, tracking of students and their learning levels, facilitating multiple pathways to learning involving both formal and non-formal education modes, association of counsellors or well-trained social workers with schools..
"... open learning for classes 3, 5 and 8 through NIOS and state open schools, secondary education programs equivalent to Grades 10 and 12, vocational courses, adult literacy and life-enrichment programs are some of the proposed ways for achieving this. About 2 crore out of school children will be brought back into main stream under NEP 2020," Karwal said.