Rich Investors Struggle to Square Profits With Green Ambitions
(Bloomberg) -- The rich across the globe have big ambitions for sustainable investing -- the type of portfolios that help combat climate change or tackle societal problems. The reality is more complex.
More than 80% of affluent and high-net-worth individuals in Hong Kong, mainland China, Singapore and the U.K. say sustainable, environmental and ethical issues matter. Yet less than a third of their investments currently consider ESG factors, while more than half still believe they have to sacrifice returns to invest in a sustainable way, according to a survey of 1,000 people published Thursday from HSBC Asset Management and Core Data Research.
Investing in a sustainable way is one of the hottest trends in finance, one that’s only been accelerated by the coronavirus pandemic.
Global funds targeting ESG attracted record inflows last year, according to Morningstar. BlackRock Inc. and Vanguard Group Inc. have committed to cutting the net greenhouse-gas emissions of their portfolios to zero. And some of the best-performing investments have been tied to the green economy such as Tesla Inc. or Chinese battery makers.
It can though be tough to execute, even for some of the very richest people on the planet. Bill Gates decided to divest from fossil fuels in 2019, but the actual process of disentangling the world’s third-largest fortune from oil and gas is taking years -- and hasn’t prevented Gates from investing in other carbon-heavy businesses.
It’s also a challenge when taking into account private-equity or hedge-fund investments, where a third-party manager may not adhere to the same standards. Meanwhile, cryptocurrencies have a difficult relationship with climate. The University of Cambridge estimates that mining -- the computerized puzzle-solving required to verify all Bitcoin transactions -- consumes about 144 terawatt-hours of electricity annually.
The results from the HSBC and Core Data study come after a UBS Group AG survey last year showed the new generation of wealthy people prioritizes financial returns over do-good strategies just as much as their parents did.
Still, almost half of those surveyed in the new study anticipate their portfolios will be fully sustainable in the next three to five years.
“As investors find ways to put their principles into action, it’s promising that nearly half want their portfolios to be fully comprised of sustainable investments,” said Nicolas Moreau, chief executive officer of HSBC Holdings Plc’s asset-management unit. “The gap between investors’ intentions and their actions also indicates a strong growth path for sustainable investments.”
More than two-thirds of the survey respondents said they’re also interested in investments that will help the economic recovery from the Covid-19 crisis.
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