Low Rates Push CoCo Bond Sales by Korean Banks to a Record
(Bloomberg) -- South Korean lenders are selling record amounts of CoCo bonds to boost capital buffers as low interest rates prompt them to expand beyond their core businesses.
Issuance of additional Tier 1 notes by Korean banks and financial holding companies in the domestic market has surged 50% this year to an all-time high 5.3 trillion won ($4.7 billion), Bloomberg-compiled data show. That adds to a boom in such sales globally in recent months as the pandemic prompts lenders to build up reserves. A drop in Treasury yields amid the U.S. election uncertainty may fuel even more demand.
The so-called contingent convertible bonds, or CoCos, count as capital and carry the risk of being written off first by a lender should its balance sheet deteriorate to a point of non-viability.
The Bank of Korea’s rate cuts to a record low have prompted lenders to rush to find new revenue sources that don’t rely on interest income. Woori Financial Group Inc. bought a consumer finance firm, Aju Capital, last month, while Shinhan Bank purchased investment company Neoplux Co. in September. In April, KB Financial Group Inc. acquired Prudential Financial Inc.’s South Korean life insurance business in a $1.9 billion deal.
“Lenders want to secure sufficient capital to continue to acquire non-bank businesses,” like insurance, securities and leasing, said Han Gwangyeol, a Seoul-based credit analyst at NH Investment & Securities Co. “Plus, investor demand for higher-yielding debt is solid and interest rates are low. Why wouldn’t they sell CoCos?”
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Shinhan Bank priced AT1 bonds at 2.87% recently, about 1.4 percentage points higher than yields on similarly rated corporate debt. Faced with strong investor demand, the lender raised its issue size by 100 billion won to 300 billion won. KB Financial also increased the size of its AT1 debt deal by 200 billion won last month to 500 billion won.
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