Charting the Global Economy: Supply Constraints Restrain Growth
Supply shortages remain a headwind for otherwise growth in global manufacturing and are also putting upward pressure on prices.
For the U.S. economy, the supply constraints include labor as the closely watched monthly jobs report showed companies are making moderate progress filling a record number of vacancies. Manufacturing in most Asian nations continues to expand, though materials shortages are impeding progress.
Here are some of the charts that appeared on Bloomberg this week on the latest developments in the global economy:
Small-business owners reported a record share of unfilled positions in May, and more firms are boosting wages to attract workers, the latest National Federation of Independent Business data show.
Job growth picked up in May, along with worker pay, signaling firms are making some progress filling a record number of open positions as the economy powers up. The recovery in employment may remain bumpy as childcare obligations, enhanced jobless benefits, skills mismatches and supply shortages impede hiring efforts.
The supply crunch is tightening its grip on U.S. producers. The average delivery time for materials -- from foam to steel to semiconductors -- increased in May to 85 days, according to the Institute for Supply Management’s latest manufacturing report.
Inflation in the euro area climbed to the highest level in more than two years after economies across the region started to lift coronavirus restrictions and rebounding demand aggravated supply bottlenecks.
Asia’s manufacturing activity continued to advance in May, though at a slightly slower pace, despite flare-ups of Covid-19 around the region that could force some plants to close and weigh on sentiment.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s statement that Turkish interest rates could be cut in July or August points to another dramatic summer for the lira. Deteriorating sentiment has already pushed the lira to a record low and turned what was the best-performing major emerging-market currency until mid-February to the worst, according to Bloomberg Economics.
Ghana’s central bank unexpectedly reduced its benchmark interest rate to the lowest in more than nine years to support the recovery of the economy. It’s only the second institution in Africa to have cut this year -- most of its peers have left borrowing rates unchanged and a few have even raised them.
A slump in Brazil’s real is heating up the high-end housing segment.
The International Labor Organization fears not enough jobs will be created to accommodate those who lost employment as a result of Covid-19, plus new labor-market entrants. The global shortfall is estimated to be 75 million this year, and 23 million in 2022.
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