Central Banks at Full Throttle Buying Bonds to Tame Markets
(Bloomberg) -- Central banks started the new week right where they left off Friday -- massively buying government debt to provide liquidity. Bond yields tumbled in Australia and New Zealand.
The Reserve Bank of Australia and the Bank of Japan offered to buy the equivalent of almost $10 billion in debt on Monday. New Zealand’s embrace of quantitative easing sent its benchmark 10-year yield dropping more than 50 basis points at one stage.
In Europe, the extra dollar liquidity being provided by so-called swaplines with the Federal Reserve also showed signs of working, with demand plummeting Monday. European banks’ bids for dollars fell to $736 million, compared with a total of $130 billion last week. That was the biggest amount since the financial crisis.
While credit markets globally are seeing the worst sell-off since the global financial crisis, the measures by central banks in Asia are curbing the worst of the rout in sovereign debt. Investors have been dumping almost all assets in favor of the dollar as the coronavirus pandemic worsens, leading to wild swings in even Treasuries and other government bonds.
“Central banks just have to keep providing liquidity since nobody knows the extent of dollar-funding shortage,” said Masafumi Yamamoto, chief currency strategist at Mizuho Securities Co. in Tokyo.
The Reserve Bank of Australia’s pledge to spend as much as A$4 billion ($2.3 billion) buying government debt, the second day of its quantitative easing program, sent the nation’s 10-year bond yield tumbling as much as 28 basis points.
Bond bulls also piled into New Zealand debt after its central bank said it would purchase up to NZ$30 billion ($17 billion) of sovereign bonds over the next 12 months. The program will begin this week with NZ$500 million of purchases.
Across the region, central banks were acting to tame markets with mixed success
- The BOJ offered to take in 800 billion yen ($7.3 billion) of three-to-10 year securities in an unscheduled operation on Monday. That was in addition to scheduled buying worth about 150 billion yen in longer maturities. The benchmark yield dropped one basis point
- Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas said it will buy 300 billion pesos ($5.8 billion) of government securities from the Bureau of the Treasury
- Bank Indonesia began holding daily repurchase and foreign-exchange swap auctions. Its currency tumbled more than 4% on Monday, while the 10-year yield soared almost 20 basis points
- The Bank of Thailand said Sunday it is stepping in to arrest slumps in fixed-income mutual funds and corporate bonds
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The RBA has pumped in more than A$40 billion so far this month through repurchase agreements, pushing liquidity in the system to records. As a result, the spread between repo rates and overnight index swaps has compressed to the tightest levels of the year.
At 2.5 trillion yen, unscheduled bond purchases by the BOJ this month are already the highest since it introduced the yield-curve control in 2016. In Europe, Germany’s 10-year bond yield fell seven basis points to -0.39%. Data for the European Central Bank’s purchases last week is due later Monday.
“Central banks around the world see the provision of funds as more effective right now than cutting rates,” said Shuichi Ohsaki, chief rates strategist at Bank of America Merrill Lynch in Tokyo. “The BOJ on its part is conducting funding operations to ensure yields will not rise.”
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