Zuma Increases Sway Over State Firms as Political Grip Slips
(Bloomberg) -- South African President Jacob Zuma is trying to reassert his authority by bidding to wield greater control over state-owned companies after his governing African National Congress’s worst-ever electoral showing.
The cabinet announced plans on Monday to set up a presidential committee chaired by Zuma that will directly oversee the strategies of South Africa’s 715 state entities, which supply about 90 percent of the country’s electricity, run railways and ports and operate the national airline. Right now, the National Treasury and other ministries exercise political oversight over the companies.
“This is not motivated by business principles but by the internal politics of the ANC,” Dirk Kotze, a politics professor at the University of South Africa, said by phone from Pretoria, the capital. “Zuma has seen his hold on the ANC becoming weaker and weaker. I think he regards the state-owned entities as one of the last bastions of his influence.”
The ANC lost control of key municipalities such as Pretoria and Johannesburg, the nation’s economic hub, in Aug. 3 local elections in which it suffered its worst performance since Nelson Mandela led the party to power in 1994. Zuma has been battered by a series of scandals that along with a stagnating economy has alienated the ANC’s urban support base.
Zuma has been at loggerheads with Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan over the management of South African Airways, the loss-making national carrier. Gordhan wants to replace the board, which is led by chairwoman Dudu Myeni, a former schoolteacher who also heads Zuma’s charitable foundation. Zuma has insisted that she retain her post. The presidency and Treasury are working well together to resolve problems at SAA, Zuma’s office said in a statement.
The new committee doesn’t necessarily mean that Zuma is enlarging his authority over state companies, Steven Friedman, director of the Centre for the Study of Democracy at the University of Johannesburg, said by phone.
“All that we know about this initiative is that he’s chairing the committee and that has been interpreted as a sign that he is in control,” he said. “The conclusion that they’ve drawn is that because he’s going to chair this committee means that he’s strengthening his control. The logic just doesn’t work for me.”
Jeff Radebe, a minister in the presidency, said the new panel that’s in the process of being set up would give Zuma direct insight into the state companies’ key decisions and is needed to ensure they helped develop the country. The main opposition Democratic Alliance party said Zuma has no mandate to intervene.
“Increased political interference is a concern for investors, both local and international,” said Mike Schussler, chief economist at Johannesburg-based research group Economists.co.za. “I would guess that it won’t be welcomed at all by the ratings agencies.”
South Africa’s debt is rated one level above junk by S&P Global Rating and Fitch Ratings Ltd. and both companies have raised concerns that the economy isn’t growing fast enough and that state-owned companies aren’t being optimally managed. Government debt guarantees to state companies totaled 467 billion rand ($35 billion) at the end of March, according to the Treasury.
The rand gained 1 percent to 13.4526 per dollar as of 3:41 p.m. in Johannesburg, trimming its losses since the beginning of last year to 14 percent. The central bank expects the economy to post no growth this year.
The move also comes after Zuma caused the rand and government bonds to plunge in December by replacing Nhlanhla Nene as finance minister with a little-known lawmaker, before business and ruling party leaders persuaded him to reinstate Gordhan, who served in the role from from 2009 to 2014. In March, senior ANC officials said Zuma’s friends, the Gupta family, offered them cabinet posts in exchange for business concessions.
The establishment of the new panel to oversee the state companies will make South Africa’s economic predicament even worse, said Anton Alberts, a lawmaker for the opposition Freedom Front Plus.
“The move should set off the alarm bells,” Alberts said. “It creates the impression that President Zuma is positioning himself to ensure maximum financial gain for him and his family before his term comes to an end.”