Oil Edges Up After U.S. Crude Supplies Shrink Most This Year
A worker pours extracted crude oil into a bucket in the village (Photographer: Dimas Ardian/Bloomberg)

Oil Edges Up After U.S. Crude Supplies Shrink Most This Year

Oil was propped up by the biggest decline in U.S. crude inventories this year, signaling a bright spot in a market weakened by Covid-19.

Domestic oil inventories tumbled by more than 10 million barrels last week, the biggest decline since December, according to an Energy Information Administration report. Oil imports declined, with shipments from Saudi Arabia falling to the lowest since April. Futures closed higher by less than 1% on Wednesday.

Keeping prices from staging a stronger rally is a growing glut in gasoline and distillate supplies, suggesting demand is far from normal during the summer driving season. The pandemic has continued to take a toll on the U.S.: California and Florida posted a record number of daily virus-linked deaths.

“It seems as if the response to a greater than 10-million-barrel draw isn’t very strong, which shows the market’s concerns going forward about supply,” said Gene McGillian, vice president of market research at Tradition Energy. “Without signs that a demand recovery is taking place at a healthy pace,” prices will continue to stall here.

Oil Edges Up After U.S. Crude Supplies Shrink Most This Year

The rebound in West Texas Intermediate crude futures has hit a roadblock around $40 a barrel with the pandemic flaring up again around the world, keeping demand depressed. Even though crude stockpiles in the U.S. are shrinking, production has remained stubbornly high above 11 million barrels a day. At least 400 U.S. wells are expected to see fracking work in July, marking the first monthly gain this year, according to Rystad Energy.

Further looming over the market, the OPEC+ alliance is preparing to pull back from unprecedented production cuts within days.

“It does appear some of the U.S. producers are bringing back production, so with oil at $40, we do face a bit of a headwind,” said Matt Sallee, portfolio manager at Tortoise, which manages about $11 billion in energy-related assets. Prices will likely rise from here, “but it will be at a very measured pace.”

Futures further extended gains late in the session after Federal Reserve officials left their benchmark interest rate unchanged near zero, pointing to pandemic risks.

  • West Texas Intermediate for September delivery rose 23 cents to settle at $41.27 a barrel
  • Brent for September settlement climbed 53 cents to end the session at $43.75 a barrel

U.S. gasoline supplies grew by 654,000 barrels last week, while distillate stockpiles rose to the highest seasonal level in decades, the EIA report showed. The 3-2-1 refining margin for combined gasoline and diesel against WTI hit a one-month low on Wednesday.

The futures curve is another indication of continued weakness. The U.S. crude benchmark’s three-month timespread was 77 cents a barrel in contango -- where near-dated contracts are cheaper than later-dated ones -- compared with 31 cents at the end of June.

As the market recovery teeters, the world’s largest independent oil storage company, Royal Vopak NV, said its tanks are filling and almost all space is booked. While not necessarily a repeat of the scramble for storage that pushed prices below zero earlier in the year, it’s a reminder of the level of uncertainty that persists in the oil market.

Other oil-market news
  • Occidental Petroleum Corp. is in talks about a potential sale of energy assets in Africa and the Middle East to Indonesia’s state-owned PT Pertamina, people with knowledge of the matter said.
  • Total SE announced an $8.1 billion writedown after the push to curb carbon emissions and the coronavirus pandemic challenged assumptions about the long-term viability of some oil and gas assets.
  • The world’s three biggest oilfield service companies wrote down the value of their assets to the tune of about $45 billion during the past year as customers engaged in severe spending cutbacks, according to Morgan Stanley.
  • Denbury Resources Inc. became the latest debt-laden oil producer to say it will seek bankruptcy and hand ownership to lenders in the aftermath of a pandemic-fueled plunge in crude prices.

©2020 Bloomberg L.P.

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