Oil Surges With U.S. Supply Drop Underscoring Global Rebalancing

An employee collects a sample of crude oil for laboratory testing. (Photographer: Andrey Rudakov/Bloomberg)

Oil Surges With U.S. Supply Drop Underscoring Global Rebalancing

Oil rose to the highest since early March with a second straight weekly decline in U.S. crude supplies underscoring the progress the world has made in draining a record supply glut built up last year.

Futures in New York gained for a fourth straight day on Wednesday, while global benchmark Brent crude neared $70 a barrel. A U.S. government report showed domestic crude inventories fell to the lowest since late February last week. Meanwhile, gasoline supplies rose by 378,000 barrels, the Energy Information Administration report showed.

Declining crude stockpiles in the U.S. support the International Energy Agency’s view that the world has largely worked off the surplus it accumulated when the pandemic devastated demand. While the agency cut its oil consumption forecasts in a monthly report, it said the glut is now just a small fraction of levels seen at the depths of the coronavirus fallout last year.

“Inventories are still trending in the right direction,” said Quinn Kiley, a portfolio manager at Tortoise, a firm that manages roughly $8 billion in energy-related assets. “The economy globally is reopening and that should continue, so we should see continuing draws.”

Oil Surges With U.S. Supply Drop Underscoring Global Rebalancing

The weekly storage report showed domestic supply levels ahead of the cyberattack that halted the largest U.S. oil-products pipeline system. Panic-buying spurred by the ongoing outage of the Colonial Pipeline has pushed retail gasoline prices above $3 a gallon for the first time in more than six years, while supplies at some terminals have been wiped out on the U.S. Northeast. That’s all before the upcoming summer travel season is expected to unleash a wave of pent-up demand built up during the pandemic.

“Even if everything is fixed at this second, we’re probably still looking at a couple of weeks of trouble,” said Bill O’Grady, executive vice president at Confluence Investment Management in St. Louis. “That runs us right into Memorial Day,” around which the U.S. summer driving season starts.

Still, the impact of the shutdown on headline crude prices is muted for now. The market remains buoyed by prospects for recovering energy demand around the world and broader bets on global inflation. U.S. consumer prices climbed in April by the most since 2009, exceeding forecasts, official figures showed Wednesday.

Prices:
  • West Texas Intermediate for June delivery climbed 80 cents to settle at $66.08 a barrel
  • Brent for July settlement gained 77 cents to $69.32 a barrel
  • The U.S. average retail gasoline price was at $3.008 a gallon, according to auto club AAA

The EIA report showed crude exports falling by the most on record to the lowest since 2018. While the figure jumped above 4 million barrels a day the previous week, it has struggled to consistently top 3 million barrels a day for several months.

The report also gave some insight on the state of gasoline inventories on the U.S. East Coast before Colonial was idled. Stockpiles of the fuel in the Central Atlantic fell 1.15 million barrels last week, though they remained near the region’s five-year average, providing some cushion to last through the pipeline outage. But in the Lower Atlantic, which is the most reliant on the pipeline, gasoline inventories were at their lowest since 2016 for this time of year, even with a 815,000-barrel build last week.

Related news:
  • Colonial began searching for a cyber-security manager two months ago, well ahead of the crippling ransonware attack on its pipeline.
  • With the coronavirus flaring up across Asia, China is once again acting as a bulwark for energy demand.
  • Once Colonial’s sprawling system is back in full operation, it will take nearly 15 days to move gasoline sitting in the Houston refining hub to the fuel-starved U.S. East Coast.

©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

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