Chinese Stocks Drop as U.S. Considers Limiting Investor Flows
(Bloomberg) -- Chinese stocks fell Monday after a report that the Trump administration is considering ways to limit U.S. investors’ exposure to Chinese assets.
The CSI 300 Index fell 1% to close at a one-month low, on volume that was about 25% below the three-month daily average. Trading was volatile due to thin liquidity ahead of the week-long holiday, as well as the closing of positions typically seen at quarter-end. The offshore yuan was steady at 7.1359 per dollar and the onshore rate weakened 0.15%.
While a Treasury official said there are no plans to stop Chinese companies from listing on American exchanges, the added uncertainty comes at a particularly sensitive time for China. The country is stepping up measures to open its markets to global capital, just this month removing a hurdle for foreign investment into stocks and bonds. Officials are also preparing to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the People’s Republic on Tuesday.
“Some risk-averse investors and those in need of liquidity might sell off stocks ahead of the long holiday just to play it safe,” said Sun Jianbo, president of China Vision Capital Management in Beijing.
Integrating China’s capital markets into the global financial system has been a priority for the country’s policy makers since late 2017. In the year since MSCI Inc. first added mainland shares to its benchmarks, China has been expediting measures that make it easier for overseas investors to manage risk. Index provider FTSE Russell also embraced A shares this year, though last week it made the surprise decision to spurn Chinese bonds.
Bloomberg LP, the parent of Bloomberg News, also offers indexes for stocks and bonds. Bloomberg Barclays started a phased inclusion of some Chinese sovereign debt into its benchmarks in April.
Overseas investors sold a net 635 million yuan ($89 million) of A shares Monday via exchange links with Hong Kong. September still marked a record month of buying with foreigners pumping 64.7 billion yuan across the border, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
Foreigners drive about 10% of daily turnover in China’s domestic stocks, data compiled by Bloomberg earlier this year showed. They own about 3.1% of the retail-dominated $6.7 trillion market, almost as much as the country’s mutual funds. International investors increased their holdings of Chinese debt to 2 trillion yuan in August, about 2% of the country’s bond market.
While winning index inclusion is one way to attract the billions of dollars pegged to major benchmarks, U.S. investment in onshore markets remains limited. Residents had just over $200 billion of long-term mainland Chinese financial assets as of June, according to the U.S. Treasury. That’s little more than double held in South Africa.
Calm had just returned to mainland markets after months of worsening economic data and the twists and turns of the trade war. While there was evidence of profit-taking in stocks since last week, volatility in the Shanghai Composite Index fell to near its lowest in 19 months. The yuan enjoyed its calmest week since July as traders speculated Beijing wanted to ensure stability ahead of the celebrations.
China’s biannual extended holidays have recently proven to be a vulnerability for mainland investors, who have had to wait to react to bleak news. Investors didn’t want to take the risk this time, seizing the last chance on Monday to price in the possibility of worsening tensions with the U.S. ahead of another round of trade talks scheduled for October.
“A lot of retail guys are taking money out of the stock market ahead of the holiday week”, said Gerry Alfonso, director of international business department at Shenwan Hongyuan Group Co.
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