J&K People’s Conference Moves Supreme Court Against Abrogation of Article 370
A plea has been filed in the Supreme Court by the Jammu & Kashmir People’s Conference challenging the President’s Rule imposed in the state and abrogation of provisions of Article 370, which gave special status to the state.
The Sajjad Lone-led JKPC has filed the petition through its spokesperson Adnan Ashraf, seeking President’s Rule in the state be declared unconstitutional and void.
“The impugned Constitution Order (CO) 272, dated August 5, 2019, and the consequent CO 273, dated August 5, 2019, and the consequent CO 273, dated August 6, 2019, are unconstitutional as the 'concurrence' of the state government taken is unconstitutional and violative of articles 14, 19 and 21 of the Constitution of India,” the plea said.
A presidential order paved the way for application of entire provisions of the Constitution in Jammu & Kashmir, and also have the effect of nullifying Article 35A and completely abrogating Article 370.
The presidential order on Article 370 of the Constitution was issued pursuant to the concurrence of the Jammu & Kashmir government, despite “there being no popularly elected government” in the state, the plea said.
“The impugned order CO 272 issued by the president under Article 370 (1) of the Constitution has been issued pursuant to the 'concurrence' of the government of Jammu and Kashmir, despite there being no popularly elected government in Jammu and Kashmir, under the provisions of the Constitution, and it is an affront on the Constitution of India and a blatant attack on the federal nature of the Indian Constitution,” it said.
While challenging the Centre's decisions to scrap provisions of the Article 370 that accorded special status to Jammu & Kashmir, and dividing it into two Union Territories, the JKPC sought a direction to declare the state reorganization act and the presidential orders as “unconstitutional and void”.
The party said the state has been under President’s Rule under Article 356 of the Constitution since June 2018, and routine decisions of the state government are taken by the governor, who himself is a delegate of the president under the presidential proclamation issued under Article 356 (1)(a).
“Therefore, concurrence of the state government provided by the governor, does not express the will of the people, as the governor is merely substituting for a popularly elected government, as an emergency measure under Article 356 of the Constitution,” it said.
“The imposition of the President's Rule for the abrogation of Article 370 of the Constitution of India was an illegal and unconstitutional exercise of Article 356 of the Constitution,” it said.
The JKPC is the second party after the National Conference which has mounted a legal challenge in the apex court to the changes made in the Constitutional status of the state.
The NC petition has been filed by Mohammad Akbar Lone and Justice (rtd) Hasnain Masoodi, both Lok Sabha members belonging to the party.
Mohammad Akbar Lone is a former Speaker of the Jammu and Kashmir Assembly and Masoodi is a retired judge of the Jammu & Kashmir High Court.
Massodi had ruled in 2015 that the Article 370 was a permanent feature of the Constitution.
The JKPC in its plea also said the Jammu & Kashmir governor has kept the entire nation in the dark. The country was not informed that such a drastic action against the interest of the state was being taken, it said.
The party also challenged the Jammu & Kashmir Reorganization Act passed by the parliament and said "”the entire state particularly the valley was put under curfew and then only those CO's were passed and the impugned legislation was enacted”.
“Never ever in the history of the nation reorganization under Article 3 has taken place which shows a blatant attack on our constitution and the freedom of people of a state,” it added.
The party said Jammu & Kashmir had a separate Constitution and the Parliament had a limited scope to enact legislation for the state.
Therefore by a parliamentary act, the powers given to the state by its own Constitution could not have been abrogated by merely taking away Article 370 by the impugned legislation, it said.
President Ram Nath Kovind on Aug. 9 had gave assent to a legislation for bifurcation of Jammu & Kashmir, and two Union Territories -- Jammu & Kashmir, and Ladakh -- which will come into existence on Oct. 31.
Oct. 31 is also the birth anniversary of the country’s first home minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who was instrumental in the merger of about 565 princely states into the Union of India following Independence.
The Parliament had in the month of August passed the legislation for bifurcating Jammu & Kashmir, a bold and far-reaching decision that seeks to redraw the map and future of a region at the centre of a protracted militancy movement.