Enforcement Directorate Initiates FEMA Probe Against Amazon
Employees stand near an The Amazon Inc. logo is displayed above the reception counter at the company’s campus in Hyderabad, India. (Photographer: Dhiraj Singh/Bloomberg)

Enforcement Directorate Initiates FEMA Probe Against Amazon


The Enforcement Directorate has initiated a probe against e-commerce giant Amazon for alleged violation of the foreign exchange law and rules of the country, official sources said on Thursday.

The probe is being conducted under various sections of the Foreign Exchange Management Act after the central probe agency recently received a communication from the Commerce Ministry seeking "necessary action" against e-commerce players like Amazon and Flipkart pertaining to certain multi-brand retail businesses and an observation made by the Delhi High Court in relation to Amazon.

The high court had said that said the attempt made by the U.S.-based firm to control Future Retail through a conflation of agreements it has with an unlisted unit of the Indian company will be considered as violative of the FEMA and foreign direct investment rules.

When contacted, an Amazon spokesperson said it was "not aware of any new case by the ED against Amazon India".

Sources said the agency is looking to "investigate into the entire issue and will seek details from Amazon and other stakeholders".

Also read: Future Retail Deliberately Disobeyed Emergency Order, Amazon Tells Delhi High Court

In the first instance under the ED scanner is a recent communication sent to it by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade that functions under the Commerce Ministry.

It had forwarded a representation made by the Confederation of All India Traders alleging that major e-commerce players like Flipkart and Amazon violated FEMA and FDI rules.

CAIT had alleged that these e-commerce companies were in violation of FEMA and FDI rules by adopting illegal structuring/investments and practices.

Flipkart, at that time, had said it was "fully compliant with all applicable laws and FDI regulations in the country".

In the second instance being investigated by the ED that involves Amazon, the Delhi High Court had made observations on the U.S. e-commerce firm objecting to the Rs 24,713 crore Future Group-Reliance deal that was signed in August last year.

Also read: Amazon Asks India Court to Jail Retail Tycoon in Legal Spat

In August 2019, Amazon had agreed to purchase 49% of one of Future's unlisted firms, Future Coupons Ltd. (which owns 7.3% equity in BSE-listed Future Retail Ltd. through convertible warrants), with the right to buy into the flagship Future Retail after a period of three to 10 years.

Amazon had dragged Future Group to arbitration at Singapore International Arbitration Centre, arguing that Future violated the contract by entering into the deal with rival Reliance.

On Oct. 25, 2020, an interim award was passed in favour of Amazon with a single-judge bench of VK Rajah barring FRL from taking any step to dispose of or encumber its assets or issuing any securities to secure any funding from a restricted party.

After this, Future Group filed a plea with the Delhi High Court. On Dec. 21, a single-member bench rejected the plea to restrain Amazon from writing to regulatory authorities about the SIAC arbitral order but gave a go-ahead to the regulators to decide over the deal.

Also read: After Amazon, Clix Capital Approaches Court Against Future Group

The court had also made several observations indicating that Amazon's attempt to control Future Retail through a conflation of agreements Amazon has with an unlisted unit of the Indian company will be violative of the FEMA FDI rules.

Since then, Amazon has also filed a petition in the Delhi High Court seeking detention of Future Group founders, including CEO Kishore Biyani, and seizure of their assets as it sought to block the Future-Reliance deal.

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