Ahead of the NCLT verdict on his petitions against the Tata Group on July 4 and the annual general meetings, ousted chairman Cyrus Mistry has fired a fresh salvo at the management.
He has questioned the rationale behind some actions like the free sale of its telecom arm to Bharti Airtel Ltd., massive debt-driven acquisitions by Tata Steel Ltd. and its unequal tie-up with Thyssenkrupp, and a first-ever dip in the Tata Consultancy Services profit among others.
Also Read: Tata Mistry Saga Nearing Its End At The NCLT
In a letter to the Directors of Tata Sons, Cyrus Investments, which is the key investment vehicle of the Mistry family and the key petitioner in his legal feud with the Tatas, Mistry has sought accountability and information from the board of Tata Sons in which his family owns 18.34 percent.
The news agency PTI has seen the eight-page letter, titled ‘Tata Group Strategy/ Performance/Governance Issues’ dated June 30 and addressed to the entire board of Tata Sons.
The office of Mistry did not respond to the calls, while Tata Sons declined to comment.
The Mumbai bench of the National Company Law Tribunal will deliver its verdict on Wednesday on the bitter legal feud that Mistry has been fighting since his dismissal as the chairman of the Tats Sons on Oct. 24, 2016.
The key allegation by the Mistry camp is that his removal as the chairman and subsequently as a director of the board of Tata Sons was a result of oppression by the promoters, who are in turn owned by Tata Trusts that owns over 68 percent in Tata Sons.
Stating that the board is accountable for governance and performance of the Tata Group as also to the minority shareholders, the letter states that despite staring at several burning issues, “Tata Sons is hiding behind the veneer of media management to present a rosy picture.” Questioning the “free transfer of Tata Teleservices” to Airtel, the letter says the Tatas did not get any benefit from the deal despite transferring 40 million customers, a large swathe of liberalised spectrum and access to Tata Teles extensive fibre network, while it has immensely benefited the acquirer.
Terming it a “sweetheart deal” which has led to an increase in market capitalisation of Airtel by almost Rs 30,000 crore, Mistry says, "he fails to understand the logic of offering Bharti Airtel access to these assets effectively for free."
It can be noted that Tata Tele has been on the down-slide for years and is sitting over Rs 26,000 crore of debt which has to be cleared before the sale goes through.
Mistry also asked why a successful exit from the enterprise business has not been pursued, "despite receiving a $1-billion offer from a former senior Tata employee backed by a private equity firm."
The letter also asks the directors to satisfy themselves that transactions that Tata Motors Ltd. has entered into with Jayem Auto and Ola are at 'arm's length' and 'value accretive', given that these companies have investments from Ratan Tata.
He also expressed concerns on the continuing poor performance of its marque British brand JLR, whose volume "rose a mere 1.7 percent" in the financial year 2018.
Comparing the massive debt-driven expansion of Tata Steel to its doomed acquisition of Corus, which later nearly sunk the parent company, he cautioned against a potential debt burden arising from the Rs 80,000-crore capex needed for acquiring Bhushan Steel Ltd. (Rs 35,000 crore), Bhushan Power & Steel (Rs 24,000 crore through the NCLT) as well as the Rs 23,000-crore expansion of Kalinganagar project.
"If the commodity cycle and the uptick in steel prices are to change again, leading to a decline in prices, Tata Steel will once again stand highly exposed with serious consequences Tata Sons," warns the letter.
He also held the management accountable for the deteriorating performance of Tata Steel Europe that compromised the deal with Thyssenkrupp, which was initially meant to be an equal joint venture but was finally sealed as 45:55 JV.
He has also vented his concerns over the deteriorating profit at three of the largest Tata companies, TCS, Tata Motors and Tata Power Company Ltd.
Noting that for the first time its cash cow TCS saw a dip in profit in the financial year 2018, he warned that the management cannot pat itself on the back for the record high market capitalisation that crossed the Rs 7 trillion-mark which according to him is not because of fundamentals but due to the massive share buyback.
He also came out strongly against the clean-chit given by the Tata Sons board to R Venkataramanan, its nominee on the AirAsia India board and the managing trustee of Tata Trusts, "without conducting any known independent investigation." This, the letter said, is "a continuing act of mismanagement and failure to carry out fiduciary duty" and termed the board’s decision to allow Venkataramanan has brought reputation risks to Tata Sons and the group to continue in his position as "unprecedented" as it has "sent a terrible message to hundreds of thousands of Tata employees".