RBI Circular Barring Banking Service For Virtual Currencies Challenged In Court
The Delhi High Court has sought the response of the Centre, the Reserve Bank of India and the Goods and Services Tax Council on a plea challenging a circular which prohibits banks and financial institutions from providing any service in relation to virtual currencies.
A bench of justices S Ravindra Bhat and AK Chawla issued notice to the Ministry of Finance, the RBI which issued the circular, and the GST Council and sought their reply by May 24. The order came on the plea by Gujarat-based company, Kali Digital Ecosystems Pvt Ltd, which was proposing to undertake the business of operating a cryptocurrency exchange system for customers within India.
The company has claimed that it has already undertaken substantial investment in this regard and planned to roll out the exchange system, called Coin Recoil, in August this year.
However, due to the April 6 circular issued by the RBI, the company claimed it would not be able to avail banking services, imperative for its business, to operate it, the petition has said.
Under the circular, entities regulated by the RBI have been prohibited from “providing any service in relation to virtual currencies, including those of transfer or receipt of money in accounts relating to purchase or sale of virtual currencies”, it has said.
For entities which are already providing such services, a three-month window has been provided within which they must cease such activity, the plea has said.
Apart from seeking quashing of the circular on the ground that it is "arbitrary, unconstitutional and violative of the Constitution", the petition has also sought a direction to the GST Council to "frame appropriate regulation on crypto-currencies".
Crypto-currencies are digital currency in which encryption techniques are used to regulate the generation of units of currency and verify the transfer of funds, operating independently of a central bank.
The company has claimed that lack of regulations on crypto-currencies has "increased the uncertainty over treatment of such transactions and is adversely affecting the proposed business of the petitioner".