U.S. Business-Equipment Orders Show Third Drop in Four Months

(Bloomberg) -- Orders placed with U.S. factories for business equipment fell in November, missing forecasts for an increase and adding to signs that demand is slowing amid risks from the trade war with China.

Non-military capital-goods orders excluding aircraft -- a proxy for business investment -- dropped 0.6 percent, after an upwardly revised 0.5 percent increase the prior month, Commerce Department figures showed Friday. The Bloomberg survey median called for a 0.2 percent gain. Bookings for all durable goods, a broader measure of items meant to last at least three years, rebounded by less than expected.

U.S. Business-Equipment Orders Show Third Drop in Four Months

Key Insights

  • The third decline in four months for business-equipment orders may add to concern -- reflected in plunging stock markets -- that corporate investment and factory activity are at risk of slipping into a more pronounced slowdown. The tumble in oil prices may also be weighing on energy-industry spending.
  • Figures used to calculate gross domestic product also showed a loss of momentum: Shipments of non-military capital goods excluding aircraft fell 0.1 percent, also missing estimates for a gain, after an upwardly revised increase.
  • Federal Reserve policy makers this week lowered their projected path of interest-rate hikes as companies grapple with uncertainty on tariffs, at a time the boost from tax cuts is set to fade.
  • The broader durable-goods numbers reflect swings in the volatile transportation category, with rebounds in orders for both civilian and military aircraft and parts. Separate data had showed Boeing Co.’s aircraft orders surged in November from the prior month.
  • A separate report Friday from the Commerce Department showed third-quarter GDP grew at a 3.4 percent annualized rate, revised from 3.5 percent and still amounting to the fastest two-quarter growth performance since 2014. That reflected downward adjustments to consumer spending and net exports, which was pegged at the biggest drag since 1984.

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  • November’s three-month annualized gain for business-equipment shipments slowed to 1.9 percent from 4.2 percent, while for orders it turned to a 0.2 percent drop after a 3.5 percent increase, indicating a reversal of momentum.
  • Durable-goods orders rose 0.8 percent following a 4.3 percent decline. Excluding transportation-equipment demand, which is volatile, orders fell 0.3 percent. Bookings for civilian aircraft and parts rose 6.7 percent; defense capital-goods orders climbed 15.4 percent, the most since August.
  • Orders for machinery fell the most since March, and they also declined for electrical equipment, appliances and components as well as motor vehicles and parts. Primary metals, fabricated metal products and communications equipment showed gains.
  • The GDP report showed nonresidential fixed investment -- which includes spending on equipment, structures and intellectual property -- grew at an unrevised 2.5 percent pace in the third quarter. That followed a second-quarter advance of 8.7 percent.
  • November data on personal income, spending and inflation, due at 10 a.m. on Friday, will provide a fuller picture of how the economy performed during the month.

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