India’s Recovery Stumbles, Setting Stage for Sustained Low Rates

Workers assemble engines on a multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) production line. (Photographer: Dhiraj Singh/Bloomberg)

India’s Recovery Stumbles, Setting Stage for Sustained Low Rates


India’s economy showed signs of cooling in June as the slow easing of localized lockdowns hurt activity, a factor likely to encourage monetary policy makers meeting next week to consider keeping interest rates at record lows to foster a durable recovery.

Contractions in both manufacturing and services sectors, which contribute more than two-thirds of India’s gross domestic product, pulled the needle on an overall activity indicator to 5 from 6, a level not seen since February and the first downward shift since May 2020 data. The gauge uses a three-month weighted average to smooth out volatility, and a move left signifies loss of momentum.

India’s Recovery Stumbles, Setting Stage for Sustained Low Rates

While the deadly second wave of Covid-19 has receded, the economy is facing a bumpy ride given the slow pace of vaccinations and the looming threat of another wave. A basket of high-frequency, alternative and market indicators such as retail activity and road congestion isn’t showing the kind of strong recovery that was expected, Abhishek Gupta, India economist at Bloomberg Economics, said in a report published Tuesday.

Here’s more India data coming in the days ahead:
  • Goods and services tax data released by the Finance Ministry around the first week of every month is a key indicator of consumption
  • Auto sales published by companies such as Maruti Suzuki India Ltd. and Hero MotoCorp Ltd. on the first day of every month serve as an indicator of consumer demand
  • Surveys of purchasing managers by IHS Markit, out early next month, will offer an early glimpse of manufacturing and services activity
  • July unemployment rate from research firm Center for Monitoring Indian Economy Pvt. will be out early next week, offering a window on the labor market in the absence of real-time official data
  • Reserve Bank of India interest-rate decision on Aug. 6

Here are the details of the dashboard for June:

Business Activity

A contraction in India’s services sector deepened as localized curbs to control the virus spread hurt consumer demand and business activity. The Markit India Services Index declined to 41.2 last month, from 46.4 in May, with a reading under 50 indicating a contraction. A similar survey also pointed to shrinking activity in the manufacturing sector, both of which dragged the composite index deeper into contraction territory.

India’s Recovery Stumbles, Setting Stage for Sustained Low Rates


Exports rose 48.3% year-on-year in June, having clocked a 69.4% year-on-year rise in May, aided by steady global demand. Overseas demand for engineering goods and chemical products helped, as did shipments of farm produce.

India’s Recovery Stumbles, Setting Stage for Sustained Low Rates

Consumer Activity

Retail auto sales, a bellwether of consumer demand, recovered, although the industry was facing headwinds like a steep increase in commodity prices, a semi-conductor shortage and fear of a third wave, according to Kenichi Ayukawa, president of the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers. Neverthless, with the second wave’s impact on rural demand abating, motorcycle and two-wheeler sales recorded a recovery in June. The tractor segment also recovered last month, with better monsoon prospects helping sentiment.

India’s Recovery Stumbles, Setting Stage for Sustained Low Rates

Bank credit grew 5.8% in June from a year earlier, easing from a 6% annual expansion seen in end-May, central bank data showed. Liquidity conditions stayed comfortable, with the banking system in surplus.

Industrial Activity

Industrial production expanded but at a slower pace, growing 29.3% in May from a year earlier, compared with almost 135% in April. More importantly, month-on-month industrial output fell 8.0% from April, with Bloomberg Economics’ Gupta citing lockdowns that led to retail closings.

Similarly, output at infrastructure industries, which makes up 40% of the industrial production index, expanded 16.8%, slowing from year-on-year growth of 61% in April. Both data are published with a one-month lag.

©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

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