Charting the Global Economy: Recovery Proving Gradual, Uneven

Retail sales in the U.S. now exceed their pre-pandemic levels and applications for jobless benefits are drifting lower. At the same time, the recoveries in the world’s largest economy and other countries are proving gradual and uneven.

Here are some of the charts that appeared on Bloomberg this week, offering insight into the latest developments in the global economy:

World

Charting the Global Economy: Recovery Proving Gradual, Uneven

The recovery has stalled in major advanced economies, with some countries hitting a ceiling on activity, below their pre-crisis levels, according to Bloomberg Economics gauges.

U.S.

Charting the Global Economy: Recovery Proving Gradual, Uneven

Retail sales increased 1.2% in July and the total value of purchases is now higher than it was before the pandemic, indicating the recovery continues to improve in the face of lingering virus concerns.

Charting the Global Economy: Recovery Proving Gradual, Uneven


The number of Americans applying for unemployment benefits fell below 1 million for the first time since virus, suggesting the economic recovery is gaining some traction amid a deceleration in coronavirus infections. Jobless claims are still well above the high reached during the previous recession.

Charting the Global Economy: Recovery Proving Gradual, Uneven

The six-month review of the U.S.-China phase-one trade deal is set to take place against a backdrop of rising acrimony, and the fact that Beijing’s purchases under the agreement continue to fall substantially short.

Asia

Charting the Global Economy: Recovery Proving Gradual, Uneven

China’s economic recovery continued in July with industrial growth remaining steady, even as weak retail sales undercut the rebound.

Europe

Charting the Global Economy: Recovery Proving Gradual, Uneven

The U.K. government’s tardy response to the coronavirus pandemic resulted in the economy underperforming its European peers in the second quarter. Gross domestic product shrank a record 20.4%, more than double Germany’s 10.1% decline and exceeding the 18.5% recorded in Spain, the worst-hit country in the European Union.

Emerging Markets

Charting the Global Economy: Recovery Proving Gradual, Uneven

Key South African data released this week suggests a record economic contraction in the second quarter as the damage wrought by a nationwide lockdown to curb the spread of the coronavirus pandemic becomes clear.

Charting the Global Economy: Recovery Proving Gradual, Uneven

President Jair Bolsonaro wants the initiative called Renda Brasil, or Brazil Income, to replace emergency aid provided by the government during the pandemic, including monthly stipends to informal workers that will expire by the end of the year. It may force the government to abandon a spending cap rule that investors consider as the country’s last line of defense against runaway budget gaps.

©2020 Bloomberg L.P.

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