British Businesses Losing Faith in Economy as Brexit Approaches
A pro-Brexit demonstrator holds a sign that read “We Voted Leave” near the Houses of Parliament in London, U.K. (Photographer: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg)

British Businesses Losing Faith in Economy as Brexit Approaches


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British businesses are getting increasingly gloomy about the economy as Brexit approaches, according to the Lloyds Business Barometer.

A measure of optimism in September fell to its lowest since the immediate aftermath of the 2016 referendum, and concerns about Brexit intensified. A negative impact from Britain’s departure from the European Union is expected by 43% of businesses now, up from 39% a month earlier.

The survey of 1,200 companies took place the month before Britain’s potential departure from the EU, set for Oct. 31. Prime Minister Boris Johnson has pledged to quit the bloc on that date with or without a deal, and the chaos in British politics points to the latter option being a distinct possibility.

Economists including those at Barclays and Bloomberg Economics now have no deal as their base-case scenario, which would drag the U.K. economy into a recession and push inflation higher. Bank of England policy maker Michael Saunders said last week that even if the U.K. avoids a no-deal break, prolonged uncertainty could damage the economy enough to require rate cuts in response.

The least-confident firms were in Scotland, Northern Ireland, the south west of England and in London, Lloyds said. A gauge of firms’ trading prospects for the next year improved, though it remained below the long-term average. Expected staffing levels also increased after a sharp drop in August.

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