U.S.-China Trade Impasse Shows No Signs of Easing as G-20 Meets
(Bloomberg) -- Global finance chiefs hoping to defuse trade tensions aren’t making much headway at meetings in Washington so far, even as they pressure the U.S. and China to refrain from any sudden unilateral actions.
There was little progress on trade at a smaller meeting of G-7 finance officials on Thursday, according to a person familiar with the talks who declined to be identified because the discussions were private. Finance ministers and central banks from the Group of 20 met for dinner and are holding a series of meetings Friday at the spring meetings of the IMF and World Bank.
“We are free trade supporters, we do not believe the imposition of tariffs is the way ultimately to resolve problems in the global trade system and we always urge our partners to resist using the imposition of tariffs to resolve trade disagreements,” U.K Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond told reporters.
The overriding message of officials meeting in Washington this week has been that trade tensions between the U.S. and China risk eroding business and investor confidence, even as global growth enjoys its best upswing in years. And the U.S., which has announced new tariffs on steel among other steps, has been the main preoccupation.
“We need to pivot where we are,” International Monetary Fund First Deputy Managing Director David Lipton said in an interview on Bloomberg TV. “The U.S. needs to be letting go of unilateral pressures to achieve its goals.”
Officials at the G-7 meeting expressed concerns to Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin about the damaging effects of a trade war, but the issue wasn’t advanced much, the person said. A Treasury spokesman declined to comment on the matter.
The Europeans are pressing the U.S. to provide a permanent EU exemption from levies on steel and aluminum that President Donald Trump imposed last month. He granted a waiver to the 28-nation bloc until May 1 and left open the possibility of a longer exclusion.
In addition to the trade disputes, a new round of U.S. sanctions against Russia is also threatening to disrupt some industries. The German finance ministry is seeking clarification from the U.S. over whether the sanctions would require German companies to cancel joint venture deals with Russian companies, according to a person familiar with the discussions.
Mnuchin has kept a low profile at this week’s talks. In a statement Friday, he said the IMF should be a “strong voice” for its members to dismantle trade and non-tariff barriers and to protect intellectual property rights.
“We strongly believe that unfair global trade practices impede stronger U.S. and global growth, acting as a persistent drag on the global economy,” he wrote in a statement. “Ensuring that trade is free, fair, and reciprocal will boost global trade and support stronger, more sustainable growth.”
Even as the meetings take place this week, tensions seem to be escalating. Earlier Thursday, Heath Tarbert, an assistant secretary to the Treasury Department’s international affairs office, said the U.S. is considering using an emergency law to curb Chinese investments in sensitive technologies. It’s one of the options the Trump administration is looking at to punish China for what it sees as violations of American intellectual-property rights.
Beijing fired back forcefully on Friday. “The U.S. is thinking and acting like a bully,” foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said at a daily briefing.
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