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U.S. Pending Home Sales Gauge Falls to Lowest Since 2014

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(Bloomberg) -- A gauge of contracts to purchase previously-owned U.S. homes unexpectedly declined in January to a more than three-year low, reflecting a shortage of inventories and rising mortgage rates, according to data released Wednesday from the National Association of Realtors in Washington.

Highlights of Pending Home Sales (January)

  • Index dropped 4.7% m/m (est. 0.5% gain) to 104.6, lowest since Oct. 2014, after no change (revised from 0.5% gain)
  • Gauge fell 1.7% y/y on an unadjusted basis after 1.8% y/y drop in Dec.
  • NAR reduced 2018 home-sales forecast to 5.5m from an actual 5.51m in 2017; previously projected an increase 

Key Takeaways

The Realtors’ latest forecast for a decline in home sales this year would be the first annual decrease since 2014. The property market is settling into a cooler pace as there aren’t enough affordable listings to choose from. Rising property prices remain a hurdle, and prospective buyers also are facing an acceleration in mortgage costs.

Until institutional investors begin to put their portfolio of homes up for sale and more hesitant homeowners decide to sell, the housing market will remain tight, the NAR said in a statement.

The lack of adequate, affordable properties for sale also weighed last month on existing-home sales, which unexpectedly fell in January to a four-month low. Nonetheless, a solid job market is expected to continue providing support to the housing recovery.

Official’s Views

“There’s little doubt last month’s retreat in contract signings occurred because of woefully low supply levels and the sudden increase in mortgage rates,” Lawrence Yun, NAR’s chief economist, said in a statement. “With the cost of buying a home getting more expensive and not enough inventory, some prospective buyers are either waiting until listings increase come spring or now having to delay their search entirely to save up for a larger down payment.”

Other Details

  • Purchases fell 9 percent in the Northeast, 6.6 percent in the Midwest, 3.9 percent in the South and 1.2 percent in the West
  • Economists consider pending sales a leading indicator because they track contract signings; purchases of existing homes are tabulated when a deal closes, typically a month or two later

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