What Happens If There’s a Second Wave?
Visitors wear protective masks and ponchos while walking through SeaWorld amusement park in Orlando, Florida, U.S. (Photographer: Zack Wittman/Bloomberg)

What Happens If There’s a Second Wave?

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(Bloomberg Opinion) -- Five months and more than two million Covid-19 cases later, we could be witnessing the crest of a second wave in the U.S. in Texas, Arizona, Florida and California. Throughout the pandemic, Bloomberg Opinion columnists have been cataloging the prospects of the curve bending in the wrong direction. Will it be weaker? Do we have the data to stop it? If a second wave arrives, there are certainly some things we might want to improve upon.

Fatigue Will Be the Carrier of the Second Coronavirus Wave: The biggest risk for a second wave of coronavirus infections is that people get tired of doing the right thing. "Past pandemics show that second waves can be painful: During SARS, Toronto was declared free of local transmission, relaxed precautions and found a single hospital ward at the center of a second outbreak a week or so later." – Clara Ferreira Marques

The Results of Europe’s Lockdown Experiment Are In: Germany showed it’s possible to contain the virus without clamping down too much. That’s an important lesson if there’s a second wave of coronavirus infections. "The Covid-19 experience has taught us that it’s far better to respond quickly and smartly, with the right technology and mass testing and tracing, rather than only relying on the crudest of shutdowns. If there are second waves of the virus, we shouldn’t repeat the mistakes of the first." – Elaine He

Arizona Covid Debate Exposes Our Loss of Trust: Instead of trusting the latest reports, skeptics are picking apart the data from new Covid-19 hot spots like Arizona. “Arizona looks to me as though it is in a very parlous place, and all of us should be hoping that the state, with its sizable elderly population, is able to avert a significant outbreak. It doesn’t prove to me that a second wave is inevitable, and that the economy can never reopen; but it strongly suggests that there is far more of a chance that Covid-19 does serious damage to life and property than market pricing currently assumes.” – John Authers

The Coronavirus Will Make the Digital Divide Even Worse: Are Americans ready for a second or third wave of the virus? Not unless they have access to the right technology. "One recent study suggested that Covid-19 might remain a force to worry about through 2024. That means some forms of physical distancing will persist, making Americans more dependent on information technology. Yet according to one estimate, 25 million Americans do not have high-speed internet access, and as many as 14 million have no internet access at all. As of 2019, about 81% of Americans have smartphones, though presumably not all of them have reliable Internet service.” – Tyler Cowen

Is the Worst of the Coronavirus Behind Us Now?: There’s been no sign of a second wave in many countries, even as citizens have emerged from lockdowns. How optimistic should we be? "Areas such as Latin America are still being hit hard. The World Health Organization says the strength of the virus in the developing world indicates we are globally still in the first wave, rather than past it. Nor does it make sense for all countries to lift restrictions to the same extent. Scientists in the U.K., where daily case growth has been higher than in neighboring countries, have expressed concern about curbs being eased too fast. It’s pretty unlikely we are anywhere near herd immunity, and if the virus is a seasonal one, a return in the winter months can’t be ruled out." – Lionel Laurent

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This column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the editorial board or Bloomberg LP and its owners.

Jessica Karl is a social media editor for Bloomberg Opinion. She previously interned for CNN Opinion and Nylon magazine.

©2020 Bloomberg L.P.

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