Retail Loans To Double To Rs 96 Lakh-Crore In Five Years, Says Crisil
An employee serves a customer inside a branch of Gramin Bank of Aryavat (GBA), sponsored by Bank of India, in the village of Khurana, Uttar Pradesh, India (Photographer: Prashanth Vishwanathan/Bloomberg)

Retail Loans To Double To Rs 96 Lakh-Crore In Five Years, Says Crisil

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The retail loan book of financiers will double to Rs 96 lakh crore by March 2024 due to higher private consumption, willingness to take loans and usage of data analytics, a recent study revealed.

According to a study jointly conducted by private sector lender ICICI Bank and rating agency Crisil, retail loan book of financiers in India will double to Rs 96 lakh crore by March 2024, compared with Rs 48 lakh crore in March 2019.

"We believe that this rapid growth will take place in the next five years on the back of increased demand for private consumption and the willingness especially, from the youth to take loans. Also, we are witnessing the trend of urbanisation and nuclearisation, which we believe will drive the demand," the bank's executive director Anup Bagchi told reporters.

He further said that the availability of large data from the traditional and non-traditional sources is helping financiers leverage technology and data analytics which has given lenders confidence to lend.

Apart from this, the regulatory and legislative measures taken by the government in the past few years have propelled growth in low-cost housing loans.

"Besides, the initiatives like GST (Goods and Services Tax) has resulted in MSMEs availing more funding and thus the loans to this sector have also gone up," Bagchi said.

The report is based on interviews with 200 experts from the retail loans industry, ICICI Bank’s deep understanding of the consumer finance category, Crisil’s proprietary economic projection models, publicly available company disclosures, annual reports and industry data from the Reserve Bank of India among others.

It also noted that mortgage loans market normal and low-cost housing and loan against property is expected to double to Rs 46.1 lakh crore in fiscal year 2024.

Further, unsecured loans -- personal loans and credit cards are expected to more than double to Rs 13.8 lakh crore in FY24 while the credits to micro, small and medium enterprises are likely to more than double to Rs 13.2 lakh crore.

Also, vehicles commercial vehicle, two and four wheeler loans are tipped to nearly double to Rs 17.5 lakh crore.

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According to Crisil Chief Operating Officer and President Amish Mehta, the expectation of the doubling of retail loans is also based on the expectation of the gross domestic product estimated to grow to 6.5-7 percent.

"Growth is expected to be higher in smaller cities outside the top 50 cities. We expect players with a strong funding franchise, strong focus on technology and a balanced mix of secured and unsecured loans among others to be ahead of the pack in the retail loans sweepstakes. The top five players are foreseen continuing their dominance of the market, across asset classes," Mehta added.

According to Bagchi greater information availability progressively reducing the risk in lending, lower costs for customers due to intensifying competition and regulatory and government initiatives will support the expansion of the retail loan market.

The report stated that digital lending which was estimated at Rs 2.7 lakh crore as of March 2019, is forecast to increase to Rs 15 lakh crore by FY24, representing 16 percent of retail lending.

Also, banks will dominate the market, accounting for 77 percent of total digital lending.

According to the report, the other key drivers include enhancing focus on digitisation of ownership of land records and providing access to the same to financial institutions with requisite consent, greater thrust on digital payments and developing industry-wide standards on key aspects such as innovation hub and environment, data security, customer privacy, consumer protection and loan pricing.

Further, new private banks are also expected to gain market share from their public sector peers, it said.

Additionally, the entry of new types of players is likely in the market targeting specific segments, in line with global trends, according to the report.

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