Kharif Crops Production Likely To Decline Up To 53.3% Due To Erratic Weather
A crop grows in the field of a farm in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra, India. (Photographer: Karen Dias/Bloomberg)  

Kharif Crops Production Likely To Decline Up To 53.3% Due To Erratic Weather

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The production of coarse grains, pulses, oil seeds and sugarcane is expected to decline in the summer season of 2019-20 due to late monsoon and erratic and heavy rains later, according to a report.

In the current assessment, coarse grains, pulses, oil seeds and sugarcane have marginally pushed themselves further in the negative region with an expected decline of 14.14 percent, 14.09 percent, 53.31 percent and 11.07 percent over the last estimate, respectively, according to a report by the National Bulk Handling Corporation.

"The monsoon rains had been 110 percent over its long term average with maximum in central India followed by southern Peninsula, northwest and northeast, respectively," NBHC head - Research and Development, Hanish Kumar Sinha said.

Widespread floods were seen in 13 states between late July and early August 2019, due to incessant rains which caused significant dent on the acreage and production of several kharif crops, he said.

"As per our assessment, sowing of rice and pulses has been most hit in West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Maharashtra. After the floods receded, the sowing recovered and things started to approach to normalcy, though the entire kharif season has been delayed by about 20 to 25 days," he added.

The real deterrent for the kharif crop came with post monsoon rains, which exceeded by 32 percent and had maximum impact in the northwest region (121 percent excess) and the central India region (64 percent excess).

According to the report, rice production in 2019-20 is expected to decline marginally by 8.21 percent over the last year while maize is expected to decline significantly by about 11.86 percent over the last year.

However, jowar is likely to improve by 1.07 percent over while Bajra is expected to decline by 1.98 percent.

Production of moong is projected to drop significantly by 27.38 percent over last year, urad 18.38 percent and tur by 10.47 percent mainly due to crop damaged in Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh.

Therefore, in the current year, there is going to be a significant shortfall in overall kharif pulses availability owing to long spell of unseasonal rains in October and November, the report opined.

Total oilseeds (soybean, groundnut, castor seed, sunflower, sesame and niger seed) production is estimated to be 162.18 lakh tonne, which is 23.78 percent lower than the last year's production of 212.77 lakh tonne.

Soybean output is expected to dip significantly by 32.27 percent and groundnut is expected decline by 9.57 percent due to excess rains in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra towards the end of monsoon.

Other oil seeds like sunflower to dip by 30.61 percent and sesame by 21.48 percent.

In the cash crops, sugarcane output is estimated to drop significantly by 21.98 percent while cotton is expected to increase marginally by 3.28 percent owing to favourable growing conditions, it added.

Also read: India Estimates Kharif Crop Output Slightly Lower At 140.57 Million Tonne In FY20

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