Delhi Remains Shrouded In Toxic Haze, Stubble Burning Primary Reason
Vehicles traveling along a road as a train traveling along a section of an elevated track are shrouded in smog in Delhi. (Photographer: Ruhani Kaur/Bloomberg)  

Delhi Remains Shrouded In Toxic Haze, Stubble Burning Primary Reason

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Delhi remained blanketed by a thick haze on Wednesday with its air quality dropping further, largely due to the heavy load of smoke from stubble burning in neighbouring Haryana and Punjab, according to government agencies.

The city's pollution levels peaked at 2 a.m., touching the 423 mark. The overall air quality index oscillated between 410 and 420 during the day, according to data from the Central Pollution Control Board.

Twenty-seven of the 37 air quality monitoring stations across Delhi recorded the AQI in the "severe" category. Anand Vihar was the most polluted area in the capital with an AQI of 464 and Wazirpur following with an AQI of 462.

NSIT, Dwarka, was the least polluted with an AQI of 355.

Pollution levels in the satellite towns of Ghaziabad (478), Greater Noida (440), and Noida (451) were worse.

An AQI between 0-50 is considered good, 51-100 satisfactory, 101-200 moderate, 201-300 poor, 301-400 very poor, and 401-500 severe. Above 500 is severe-plus emergency category.

According to the Ministry of Earth Sciences' air quality monitor SAFAR, the share of stubble burning in Delhi's pollution has risen to 35 percent, the season's highest, and the hazardous haze shrouding the city on Wednesday can be "purely" attributed to it.

Extremely calm surface winds on Tuesday night aggravated the problem, it said.

Northwesterly winds, which are favourable for plume transport, will continue to blow in the region for another two days, it predicted.

A marginal improvement in the air quality is predicted on Thursday due to an expected increase in wind speed which will help disperse pollutants faster.

On Thursday, the share of stubble burning in Delhi's pollution is predicted to be 27 percent. It was 25 percent on Tuesday.

In view of hazardous pollution levels in Delhi, doctors advised people to take a lot of precautions, including wearing face masks and avoiding early morning and late evening walks as concentration of pollutants is highest during this period.

"Intake of every 22 micrograms per cubic metre of polluted air is equivalent to smoking a cigarette. So, whether the PM2.5 level is 700 or 300 units, the impact is still as bad. People need to take precautions, especially those suffering from asthma, bronchitis or other respiratory illness," said Dr. Arvind Kumar, lung surgeon at the Sir Ganga Ram Hospital here.

Delhi's air quality took a hit after Diwali night due to a combination of firecracker emissions, stubble burning and unfavorable meteorological conditions.

NASA image released on Wednesday afternoon showing red dots indicating fires, including those due to stubble burning, in areas surrounding Delhi and rest of North India. (Source: PTI)
NASA image released on Wednesday afternoon showing red dots indicating fires, including those due to stubble burning, in areas surrounding Delhi and rest of North India. (Source: PTI)

Since then, pollution levels have been oscillating between the lower end and the higher end of the very poor category.

The AQI takes into account five chief pollutants - particulate matter with a diameter less than 10 micrometres (PM10), PM2.5, ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and carbon monoxide (CO).

The higher the AQI value, the greater the level of air pollution and the greater the health concern.

Also read: Delhi Records Season’s Worst Air Quality, Pollution Authority Announces Stricter Steps

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