China’s Covid Test Makers See 6,500% Profit Gains, But Can It Last?

Demand for Covid-19 test kits has delivered a windfall for Chinese diagnostics firms, with one seeing a profit surge of as much as 6,500%.

Some of China’s top performers for growth last year were the companies feeding both the aggressive testing campaign at home as well as the scramble for kits abroad, in coronavirus hot spots including the U.S. and Europe. BGI Genomics Co., the world’s biggest DNA-sequencing business, was among the companies supplying millions of test kits across the globe.

The biggest pandemic in modern times has provided a springboard for these relatively obscure names -- mostly small- to mid-cap companies -- lifting stock prices along with profits. But it’s uncertain whether demand will remain for these star performers once vaccination programs kick in and the coronavirus crisis starts to fade.

“We’ve seen similar rapid growth like this, from zero to a million, in the pharmaceutical sector,” said Zhang Jialin, head of healthcare research at ICBC International. “But the surge in testing-related part is indeed one of a kind.”

China’s Covid Test Makers See 6,500% Profit Gains, But Can It Last?

Last year’s top revenue performers on the Shanghai Stock Exchange’s tech-focused Star board were Sansure Biotech Inc., Zhejiang Orient Gene Biotech Co. and Shanghai Liferiver. Sansure’s net income rose by more than 6,500% in 2020, though the comparison was from a low year-earlier base -- all three companies had net income of less than 100 million yuan ($15.5 million) for 2019. In a Feb. 26 report, Shenzhen-based BGI Genomics forecast a record 653% year-on-year surge in net profit for 2020.

BGI’s shares climbed 87% last year, while Da An Gene Co. of Sun Yat-Sen University soared 228%.

Driving the profit increases was the global effort to rein in the deadly coronavirus, as governments struggled to get a grip on how quickly Covid-19 was spreading through their communities. Demand skyrocketed as infections mounted and testing kits were in short supply.

But perhaps nowhere has the testing process been more intense than in China. Even as the country has brought the virus under control, it continues to aggressively implement testing to prevent any flareups from spreading.

China’s testing campaign has become part of regular life throughout much of the country. Cities that saw virus outbreaks moved to test millions of citizens within days. Tests that in other countries are generally given to people who have symptoms or been in contact with confirmed cases are in China taken by those who constantly must prove they’re not infected while doing everything from busing restaurant tables, driving taxis and traveling between cities.

It’s not just people: Testing is even done on goods ranging from frozen seafood imported from overseas virus hotspots to auto tires, amid a controversial assertion by local health experts that the coronavirus is clinging to surfaces and poses a transmission risk in low temperatures.

Year Ahead

Industry watchers and investors will be on alert to see if the global reliance on testing will cool off in the year ahead. As inoculations ramp up globally, some fortunes created by the pandemic -- including Seoul-based test kit maker Seegene Inc. -- are already evaporating.

“Last year’s growth was very opportunistic,” said Mia He, senior health-care analyst for Bloomberg Intelligence. “The chance that the momentum could sustain this year is zero.”

China’s Covid Test Makers See 6,500% Profit Gains, But Can It Last?

Whether Chinese test kit makers will still thrive this year depends largely on their ability to enter overseas markets whose governments are still struggling to contain Covid-19, according to He, with price points more competitive compared to kits manufactured in the west. But finding buyers abroad might not be easy. Chinese testing kits backfired during Beijing’s virus outreach to Europe last April, after some 1.2 million antibody tests purchased by the Slovakian government turned out to be inaccurate and unable to detect the virus in its early stages.

“We expect relatively limited room for the testing need to increase from the current high base,” said ICBC’s Zhang. “Longer term, the gradual roll-outs of vaccines will highly likely reduce the testing demand, and in a way cap the revenues of these companies.”

©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

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