Venezuela Bondholders Are Gearing Up for Battle After Futile Year

(Bloomberg) -- For the better part of the past year, Venezuela’s debt market has been dead. The bonds are in default and there are no restructuring talks, almost no trading and little action from creditors beyond grumbling in private.

But that appears about to change. In the past few weeks, one group of investors banded together to demand immediate payment on the notes they hold, another cohort hired a law firm to review their options and a separate creditor sued in U.S. federal court. Their impetus to act seems to stem from both fleeting patience and the realization that if they don’t move now, they may fall behind other creditors in the line to lay claim to Venezuelan assets.

“Bondholders are gearing up for a fight,” said Francisco Rodriguez, the chief economist at Torino Capital in New York. “They had been pretty quiet on the expectation that either some type of restructuring negotiation would emerge or that a change of political regime would occur in Venezuela. It seems like bondholders have decided that they have nothing to gain from continuing to wait.”

Venezuelan debt has been hovering around 25 cents on the dollar since President Nicolas Maduro announced in November 2017 that he was suspending payments and seeking talks with creditors. Those discussions never took place, due to U.S. sanctions that make doing business with the country difficult, and for the most part not much else was happening as the arrears piled up.

Now the urgency to act has increased after Houston-based ConocoPhillips and Canadian gold miner Crystallex International Corp. managed to wring payments worth a total of $1 billion out of Venezuela to partially satisfy claims over appropriated assets. If those entities were able to get paid, bondholders’ thinking goes, then debt investors should be able to get a piece.

The prize that creditors have their eyes on is the country’s largest U.S. asset, the refining company Citgo Holding Inc., which has been valued at $11 billion. Unsecured bondholders are likely to find themselves fighting with a long line of claimants. In addition to having to compete with businesses armed with international arbitration awards, state oil company bonds due in 2020 are explicitly backed by a stake in the refiner, giving those holders a strong claim on the asset.

“They’ve already shown there are ways of getting ahold of assets. That’s the trigger,” said Cecely Hugh, investment counsel in emerging-market debt at Aberdeen Standard Investments in London. “If you accelerate, you go to court and you’re in a better position than a creditor without a judgment. Now that they’ve started, you could see more activity next year.”

It’s all quite a dramatic turn of events for investors, who reaped decades of huge returns investing in Venezuelan debt before the socialist government finally ran out of money to pay them amid an economic collapse, a dollar shortage and the oil industry’s collapse. Hyperinflation has raged on, with a Bloomberg price index indicating it’s running at an annual pace above 200,000 percent.

In the meantime, bonds are barely moving. The 90-day historical volatility on Petroleos de Venezuela’s bond due in 2020, the only one it continues to pay in a bid to hold onto Citgo, has declined to 11 percent from a high of 41 percent last November, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. It hit the lowest ever in mid-July.

Venezuela Bondholders Are Gearing Up for Battle After Futile Year

While Venezuela has kept paying 2020 bondholders, “the government is only buying time,” said Francisco Ghersi, managing director of the Venezuela-dedicated hedge fund Knossos Asset Management. “It’s impossible to keep current with them much longer."

Aggressive legal actions from bondholders could also hinder PDVSA’s operations, Eurasia Group analyst Risa Grais-Targow wrote last week. Earlier this year, Conoco obtained attachment orders through Caribbean courts, where the legal system was relatively amenable to efforts to seize Venezuelan oil cargoes in vessels and storage tanks across the region. The order caused major disruptions in PDVSA’s oil exports and forced Venezuela to work on a deal with Conoco.

Maduro has said that he’s holding talks with bondholders and predicted this month that a deal will be struck next year. “We’re in the middle of a successful renegotiation process,” he told reporters in Caracas. “It’s going very well.”

In reality, there are zero signs of any such discussions. No bondholder contacted by Bloomberg News has been involved in any meeting of any kind in recent months. And analysts say there’s likely to be a lot more drama before anything is resolved.

Here are the bonds that Venezuela and its state companies are behind on:

BondCoupon Value (Millions of USD)Due DateGrace Period End
VENZ 2019$96.70Oct. 13, 2017Nov. 13, 2017
VENZ 2024$103Oct. 13, 2017Nov. 13, 2017
VENZ 2025$61.20Oct. 21, 2017Nov. 20, 2017
VENZ 2026$176.30Oct. 21, 2017Nov. 20, 2017
VENZ 2023$90Nov. 7, 2017Dec. 7, 2017
VENZ 2028$92.50Nov. 7, 2017Dec. 7, 2017
PDVSA 2026$135Nov. 15, 2017Dec. 15, 2017
PDVSA 2024$150Nov. 16, 2017Dec. 18, 2017
PDVSA 2021$107.70Nov. 17, 2017Dec. 18, 2017
PDVSA 2035$146.30Nov. 17, 2017Dec. 18, 2017
VENZ 2018 7%$35Dec. 1, 2017Jan. 2
VENZ 2020$45Dec. 12, 2017Jan. 11
VENZ 2036$162.50Dec. 29, 2017Jan. 29
VENZ 2034$70Jan. 16Feb. 15
VENZ 2031$251Feb. 5March 7
VENZ 2018 13.625%$72Feb. 15March 19
PDVSA 2022 12.75%$191Feb. 20March 22
VENZ 2022$191Feb. 23March 26
VENZ 2027$185March 15April 16
VENZ 2038$44March 31April 30
ELECAR 2018 (principal)$678April 10April 10
PDVSA 2027$81April 12May 14
PDVSA 2037$41April 12May 14
VENZ 2019$97April 13May 14
VENZ 2024$103April 13May 14
VENZ 2025$61.20April 23May 23
VENZ 2026$176.30April 23May 23
PDVSA 2022 6%$90April 30May 30
VENZ 2023$90May 7June 6
VENZ 2028$92.50May 7June 6
PDVSA 2026$135May 15June 14
PDVSA 2024$150May 16June 15
PDVSA 2021$107.70May 17June 18
PDVSA 2035$146.30May 17June 18
VENZ 2018$35June 1July 2
VENZ 2020$45June 11July 11
VENZ 2036$162.5June 29July 30
VENZ 2034$70July 13Aug 13
VENZ 2031$251Aug. 6Sep. 5
VENZ 2018 (principal)$1,053Aug. 15Aug. 15
VENZ 2018$72Aug. 15Sep. 14
PDVSA 2022$191Aug. 17Sep. 17
VENZ 2022$191Aug. 23Sep. 24
VENZ 2027$185Sep. 17Oct. 17
VENZ 2038$44Oct. 1Oct. 31
PDVSA 2027$81Oct. 12Nov. 13
PDVSA 2037$41Oct. 12Nov. 13
VENZ 2019$96.70Oct. 15Nov. 14
VENZ 2024$103Oct. 15Nov. 15
VENZ 2025$61.20Oct. 22Nov. 21
VENZ 2026$176.30Oct. 22Nov. 21
PDVSA 2022 6%$90Oct. 29Nov. 28
VENZ 2023$90Nov. 7Dec. 7
VENZ 2028$92.50Nov. 7Dec. 7
PDVSA 2026$135Nov. 15Dec. 17
PDVSA 2024$150Nov. 16Dec. 17
PDVSA 2021$107.70Nov. 19Dec. 19
PDVSA 2035$146.30Nov. 19Dec. 19
*VENZ 2018 (principal)$1,000Dec. 3Dec. 3
*VENZ 2018$35Dec. 3Jan. 2
*VENZ 2020$45Dec. 10Jan. 9

©2018 Bloomberg L.P.