U.S. FDA Finds Birds Flying In Warehouse, Lack Of Toilet Paper At United Breweries Plant
Cans of Kingfisher Beer, made by United Breweries Ltd., are stacked in a liquor store in New Delhi, India. (Photographer: Adam Ferguson/Bloomberg News) 

U.S. FDA Finds Birds Flying In Warehouse, Lack Of Toilet Paper At United Breweries Plant

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Birds flying through finished products warehouse, their faeces lying on packages of beer cans and restrooms for employees lacking toilet paper -- these were some of the observations of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s investigator who inspected the Panvel plant of United Breweries Ltd. in August last year.

PTI has accessed the Establishment Inspection Report that was written by the investigator of the U.S. FDA post plant's inspection.

The company is the leader in beer category in India with more than 50 percent share of the market. From Panvel plant, the UBL exports to U.S. its major beer brands such as Kingfisher, Flying House, Taj Mahal and Maharaja.  After inspection, which took place on Aug. 16 and Aug. 17 last year, the regulator and the company were in touch with each other through correspondence in order to resolve issues mentioned in the EIR.

The investigator Denise Connelly wrote in the EIR, "On Aug. 16, 2018, I observed 5 birds flying and perching throughout the beer can raw storage section and one bird perched over the bottle storage section." The investigator "observed faeces on packages of cans in the warehouse." She observed that none of the pest control records addressed the issue of birds.  Connelly also observed an open dock door leading into the canning room. She told the company officials, who were present during the inspection, that this is a potential source of biological contamination.  VM Prabhudesai, Brewing Manager, UBL responded to her then that "double doors would be installed on the dock door to prevent entry of birds", according to the EIR.  Prabhudesai stated the outdoor storage for the bottles would be moved inside after renovations are completed, as per the EIR.

In response to queries sent by PTI, the UBL said last month, "Gaps in the building have been sealed to prevent bird ingress. Dock door has been installed at the entry to the canning production hall."  The company added,"New PVC strip curtains with air curtain has been affixed. A new door has been provided next to the dock door for man movement." During inspection, Connelly made another observation, "On Aug. 17, 2018, I observed a hand-washing station without running water, soap or hand drying equipment at the entrance to the bottling facility. I observed restrooms for the factory employees lacking toilet paper on Aug. 17, 2018." The UBL told PTI that facilities for proper washing of hands have been provided. "Toilet paper has been provided and replenished in restrooms used by factory employees," it added.

The investigator made another observation in the EIR: "On Aug. 16, 2018, I observed the sugar storage room with a leak from the windows and a puddle of water on the floor. The sugar room was full to the point that I could not access all areas." The UBL told PTI that now, excess stock is not ordered and the sugar is stocked in such a way that allows complete inspection. The company added that the leakage from an overhead water line was "arrested the same day".  Connelly observed during inspection that a wall in bottling plant was full of peeling paint. "This wall was located by finished products and not near the bottling line. I stated that this could still be a potential source of contamination," she wrote in the EIR.  The company told PTI that all areas with peeling paint have been cleaned and repainted. It added that the cleaning manual has been updated.

Connelly also reviewed 47 customer complaints that the company received between April 2017 and July 2018. She wrote in the EIR, "Most complaints were for low fill bottles. There were three complaints (two in January 2018 and one in June 2017) for chipped bottles." The company said that Panvel unit operates with state-of-the art German machines.  "The EBI (Electronic bottle inspector) machines has the ability to reject chipped neck bottles. The FBI (Filled bottle inspector) equipment installed after the filling machine and labeller rejects low fills. Also a ''weighing system'' is present after bottles are packed which rejects very low fills," it company added.

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