Unilever India Profit Jumps on Shopping Surge in Early 2021
A store assistant carries a box past bottles of Hindustan Unilever Ltd. Pond's beauty products at a store in Mumbai. (Photographer: Kuni Takahashi/Bloomberg)

Unilever India Profit Jumps on Shopping Surge in Early 2021


Unilever Plc’s India unit posted a better-than-expected quarterly profit, boosted by a consumption boom early this year -- a period of relative calm before a deadly second wave started devastating the country.

Hindustan Unilever Ltd., Asia’s biggest maker of personal care products by market value, posted a 41% jump in net income to 21.4 billion rupees ($289 million) in the quarter ended March 31, according to an exchange filing Thursday. That beat the 19.7-billion-rupee profit forecast by analysts surveyed by Bloomberg. Revenue rose 34% to 119.5 billion rupees, compared to the same period last year.

Unilever India Profit Jumps on Shopping Surge in Early 2021

The maker of Dove soaps and Cornetto ice-creams, benefited from a shopping spree in the first three months of this year, when new coronavirus infections had ebbed to less than 20,000 cases on most days. Indians also started filling up malls and restaurants, coming out in large numbers after being grounded for weeks in the world’s largest lockdown last year.

“It’s been a very strong performance in a very challenging year,” Srinivas Phatak, the outgoing chief financial officer, said during a briefing. “Big brands grow faster in this pandemic.”

Hindustan Unilever’s shares rose as much as 1.8% in Mumbai after the results were announced, before giving up the day’s gains almost entirely by the time markets stopped trading.

Headwinds Ahead

With India now battling a record-breaking 300,000-plus Covid-19 cases every day for the past week and its central bank warning of possible supply chain disruptions, management and analysts see headwinds ahead.

While the Narendra Modi-led government has not indicated a repeat of last year’s strict action, various states have been imposing lockdown-like restrictions to curb the virus. A national lockdown last year pummeled Hindustan Unilever’s earnings. Rising costs of items ranging from palm oil and tea have also had an impact on the company’s margins, Jefferies analysts wrote in a report on Thursday.

“We have a middling scenario where we have restrictions, activity is restrained, but at the same time the government is unable to completely contain the numbers -- they continue to go up at a pretty alarming rate,” Barclays Plc Chief India Economist Rahul Bajoria said in an interview with Bloomberg TV on Tuesday.

Hindustan Unilever’s factories and supply lines are still running, even though a number of employees have been infected, Chairman and Managing Director Sanjiv Mehta told reporters.

“Not as Bad”

During “the last two weeks there has been turbulence, but not as bad as last April,” he said. “It’s too early to say what impact it will have.”

Mehta said Hindustan Unilever is also looking to pay to inoculate the 300,000 employees and “people in our ecosystem” as infection and death rates across India continue to rise to unprecedented levels and crack the country’s health system. The company said 90% of its staff who are eligible have had at least one dose so far.

Mehta added that the firm is in talks with hospitals about getting further supplies, but amid a national shortage of vaccines the situation “is still not known.”

©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

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