U.S. Trade Gap Shrinks for First Time Since July on Export Surge
(Bloomberg) -- The U.S. trade deficit narrowed in October for the first time since July, reflecting a sharp increase in exports and suggesting that foreign demand for goods is on the rise.
The gap in trade of goods and services shrank 17% to $67.1 billion, from a revised $81.4 billion in September, according to Commerce Department data released Tuesday. The median estimate in a Bloomberg survey of economists was for a shortfall of $66.8 billion.
The value of goods and services exported rose 8.1% to $223.6 billion in October, the highest on record. The increase was led by stronger outbound shipments of industrial supplies such as crude oil.
Imports meanwhile, climbed 0.9% to $290.7 billion -- also a record -- led by shipments of automotive-vehicle parts and engines.
The value of goods exports surged the most since July 2020 to a record $158.7 billion.
The increase in merchandise exports suggests that overseas economies are slowly recovering and demanding more goods from the U.S. That could suggest that trade puts less of a drag on U.S. economic growth in the coming months, after it subtracted 1.16 percentage points from gross domestic product in the third quarter.
Even so, lean inventories, snarled supply chains and transportation challenges continue to make it difficult for U.S. producers to meet demand for finished goods and supplies.
- The merchandise-trade deficit, which strips out services spending, fell to $83.9 billion, the smallest since October 2020
- The nation’s surplus in services trade increased for a second straight month to $16.8 billion
- Travel imports, a measure of Americans traveling abroad, rose for an eighth month to a pandemic high of $6.38 billion. Travel exports -- or spending by visitors to the U.S. -- climbed for a second month, reaching $5.83 billion after the Biden administration lifted travel restrictions on Nov. 8
- On an inflation-adjusted basis, the October merchandise-trade deficit narrowed to $97.6 billion, the smallest this year
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