U.S. to Loan World Bank $1 Billion to Clear Sudan Debt
The World Bank Group headquarters stands in Washington, D.C., U.S. (Photographer: Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg)

U.S. to Loan World Bank $1 Billion to Clear Sudan Debt

The U.S. will give a $1 billion bridge loan to the World Bank to help clear Sudan’s arrears with the institution, opening the door to much-needed funding for the economically ravaged African country, Sudan’s finance ministry said.

The move is due “in the coming days” and will lead to Sudan regaining access to the World Bank’s International Development Association, the ministry said in statements to Bloomberg. The comments come after the U.S. on Monday rescinded Sudan’s 27-year designation as a state sponsor of terror.

The change could in turn allow Sudan to get $1.5 billion in annual development assistance via an initiative for so-called heavily indebted poor countries, according to the ministry. The U.S. government will also provide wheat and unspecified other commodities for four years, it said.

The pledges are the first significant economic boon for Sudan after the U.S.’s long-awaited de-listing. Washington named Sudan a terror sponsor in 1993, citing its links with international Islamist-militant organizations under then-dictator Omar al-Bashir. Four years later, it enacted sweeping sanctions that lasted until 2017.

Dictator’s Legacy

The rescission is another step toward overturning the legacy of Bashir, who made the country an international pariah for much of his 30-year rule and was ousted by the army amid mass protests in April 2019.

The ministry also said a delegation involving the 10 largest U.S. agricultural companies will visit Sudan soon to build investment opportunities, followed by officials from other sectors.

Sudan is $1.3 billion in arrears to the IMF and external debt is almost $60 billion, sums that the government is trying to settle.

The de-listing was expected after President Donald Trump said in October that Sudan had agreed to make a long-sought payment of some $335 million to U.S. victims of terrorism and their families. Discussions also brought in Sudan’s fledgling relations with Israel, a country Khartoum had never previously recognized and with which it agreed a peace deal just days later.

Sudan has agreed only to end a state of war with Israel, but developing relations will be subject to further agreements and need legislative approval, Foreign Minister Omar Qamar al-Din said in an interview with the pan-Arab Hadath TV channel aired Tuesday.

The current Sudanese government, a civilian-military coalition ruling until democratic elections, hasn’t said how the country can afford the compensation payment to U.S. citizens. It’s still seeking sovereign immunity to protect it from further legal action in the U.S., Qamar al-Din said.

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