Shell, RIL Win In English High Court Against Government In Oil Field Dispute
In a win for Shell and its partner Reliance Industries Ltd., the English High Court has rejected the Indian government's challenge to the recovery of certain costs in the western offshore Panna-Mukta and Tapti oil and gas fields they operated.
The government had sought $3.5 billion in dues from Reliance and Shell-owned BG Exploration & Production India Ltd. based on an October 2016 partial award of an international arbitration tribunal over the recovery of certain costs from the sale of oil and gas produced from the Panna-Mukta and Tapti fields.
The two firms had gone to the English High Court against the 2016 partial award. Sources with direct knowledge of the development said the English High Court had previously directed the tribunal to reconsider certain issues. The tribunal subsequently in 2018 issued another award to uphold the two companies' right to recover costs.
This award was challenged by the government. Justice Robin Knowles of the English High Court delivered a judgement on Feb. 12 rejecting all of the Government of India's five challenges to the 2018 award, sources said.
When contacted, Reliance declined to comment on the issue. The government had used the 2016 partial award not just to raise a $3.5 billion demand on Reliance and Shell but also sought to block Reliance's $15 billion deal with Saudi Aramco on grounds that the company owed money to it.
Reliance and Shell had countered the government petition in the Delhi High Court saying the petition is an abuse of process as no arbitration award has fixed any final liability of dues on the company.
Sources said the Arbitration Tribunal adjudicating disputes under the Panna-Mukta and Tapti Production Sharing Contracts between BG Exploration & Production India Ltd. and Reliance with Government of India issued Final Partial Award on Oct. 12, 2016. Parts of the 2016 Award were challenged by the two firms the EHC, and the EHC directed the Arbitration Tribunal to reconsider certain issues.
Arbitration Tribunal reconsidered the issues and on Oct. 1, 2018, gave its Final Partial Award holding that certain costs incurred by two companies were agreed to be cost recoverable by the Government of India. The government of India challenged the 2018 Award on five issues. The two companies also filed a challenge on one issue that certain costs that Arbitration Tribunal held not be recoverable.
The English court has scheduled a consequential hearing on Feb. 28, 2020, for issuing further directions in the matter, they said. Shell and Reliance had previously contended that the tribunal's 2016 award determined certain issues of principles. Pending determination of all issues before it, appropriately, it did not award any monetary sums. Quantification of amounts, if any, by the tribunal is to be done when all issues have been decided.
Certain parts of the 2016 award were challenged by the two companies before an English court wherein it decided some parts of challenge in favour of them and directed the arbitration tribunal to reconsider those parts of the 2016 award. The tribunal, having reconsidered, issued another partial award in December 2018 which was in favour of the two firms.
While this challenge was pending in the English court, the government unilaterally calculated certain amounts, based upon its interpretation of the 2016 award, which the government alleges are payable by Oil & Natural Gas Corporation, BG and RIL. ONGC owns a 40 percent stake in the fields while Reliance and Shell have 30 percent each.