RBI Board Decision To Extend Timeline For Banks To Meet Capital Norms ‘Credit Negative’: Moody’s
Moody's Investors Service said the Reserve Bank of India board's decision to extend the timeline for banks to implement Basel III guidelines is “credit negative” for public sector lenders.
Also, the decision to restructure stressed micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) loans of up to Rs 25 crore also has the potential for having negative implications for the credit profiles of Indian banks, the U.S.-based rating agency said in a statement.
Amid growing tension between the government and the central bank, the RBI board met Monday and discussed issues to boost funding to MSMEs and ease capital pressure on banks.
At the nine-hour long marathon meeting, the board advised that the RBI should consider a scheme for restructuring of stressed standard assets of MSME borrowers with aggregate credit facilities of up to Rs 25 crore, subject to such conditions as are necessary for ensuring financial stability.
“While more details are awaited, this approach has the potential for negative implications for the credit profiles of Indian banks,” Moody's Investors Service Vice President (Financial Institutions Group) Srikanth Vadlamani said in a statement.
The RBI board, while deciding to retain the capital adequacy requirement for banks at 9 percent, agreed to extend the transition period for implementing the last tranche of 0.625 percent under the capital conservation buffer (CCB), by one year - up to March 31, 2020.
CCB currently stands at 1.875 percent and remaining 0.625 percent was to be met by March 2019, as per the deadline fixed by the RBI.
The decision to extend the timeline for the full implementation of Basel 3 guidelines by a year is a credit negative for Indian public sector banks.Srikanth Vadlamani, Vice President (Financial Institutions Group), Moody’s Investors Service
It expects that all public sector banks would have a core equity tier 1 (CET1) ratio of at least 8 percent by the end of March 2019, based on the government's commitment that it would capitalise all these banks to a level sufficient to meet the minimum regulatory capital norms.
“With the regulatory timelines now extended, it may be a case that at least some of the rated public sector banks' CET1 ratios over the next 12 months would be lower than what we currently expect,” he said.
On restructuring of stressed MSME loans, Moody's said the track record of such asset classification, when seen over the last few years in India, has shown that they have “largely been unsuccessful in addressing the underlying stress”.
On the contrary, keeping stressed loans in the standard category has led to an underestimation of the extent of underlying asset quality issues by bank managements, and consequently the severity of the actions that they need to take to address the issue, Vadlamani added.
The RBI central board, headed by RBI governor Urjit Patel, comprises 18 directors, including four RBI deputy governors.
It also has two government nominees - Economic Affairs Secretary Subhash Chandra Garg and Financial Services Secretary Rajiv Kumar - and 10 independent directors including S Gurumurthy and Tata Sons Chairman N Chandrasekaran.