Oil Rises With Global Economic Data Pointing to Demand Rebound
An excavator vehicle drills into frozen earth at a crude oil field in East Siberia, Russia. (Photographer: Andrey Rudakov/Bloomberg)

Oil Rises With Global Economic Data Pointing to Demand Rebound

Oil advanced as expectations for shrinking American crude and gasoline stockpiles added to signals that a demand recovery may be on the horizon in the U.S. and China.

Futures edged 0.4% higher in New York on Tuesday, tracking a move higher in U.S. equities to fresh records. U.S. manufacturing expanded in August at the fastest pace since late 2018 and a private gauge of China factory activity last month grew at the quickest pace since January 2011.

Prices extended gains in after-market trading as data from the industry-funded American Petroleum Institute showed U.S. crude inventories declined more than 6 million barrels last week. Both gasoline and distillate supplies also decreased, the API report showed. The U.S. government will release its supply tally on Wednesday.

“Gasoline inventories are getting pretty close to levels of last year at this time,” said Tom Finlon of GF International. “It’s indicative that demand is coming back a little bit.”

Still, U.S. gasoline inventories remain at the highest seasonal level in decades with the pandemic discouraging Americans from traveling.

Oil Rises With Global Economic Data Pointing to Demand Rebound

U.S. benchmark crude futures are rallying after posting a fourth straight monthly gain in August in the wake of shrinking domestic inventories and with the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries committed to showing restraint on production. Goldman Sachs Group Inc. said earlier this week that fundamentals appear skewed toward a faster-than-expected rebalancing in 2021 due to the rising likelihood of a vaccine next spring and discipline by OPEC+ and shale producers.

“As we’re seeing a little bit more economic recovery and especially as we see easing of some travel restrictions, we expect people to increase their petroleum demand,” supporting prices, said Gary Cunningham, director of market research at Tradition Energy.

Meanwhile, observed flows of crude and condensate leaving Iran last month fell to the lowest level since February, according to tanker-tracking data monitored by Bloomberg. Saudi Arabia’s observed crude exports rose slightly in August as the OPEC+ alliance relaxed output cutbacks, monthly tanker-tracking data compiled by Bloomberg show.

Still, longtime laggards Nigeria and Iraq appear to be adhering to additional compensatory cuts, with OPEC’s monthly crude production in August rising by only half the amount permitted under their agreement.

Prices
  • West Texas Intermediate for October delivery traded at $42.99 a barrel at 4:59 p.m. after settling at $42.76 a barrel.
  • Brent for November settlement gained 30 cents to end the session at $45.58 a barrel.

In physical markets, Heavy Western Canadian Select’s discount for October against WTI futures narrowed to $9.85 a barrel, the first time the discount fell below $10 since Aug. 17, NE2 Group data show. The price surge comes as Inter Pipeline Ltd. shut the west segment of its Polaris pipeline, which supplies condensate used to dilute bitumen produced in the oil-sands mining region, following a spill.

The coronavirus pandemic is continuing to wreak havoc on major shale drillers and oil-field service companies. Schlumberger -- the world’s top oilfield-services company -- agreed to sell its U.S. and Canadian fracking business, abandoning the work that spawned the past decade’s North American oil boom.

Other market drivers
  • The United Arab Emirates produced 2.693 million barrels of oil in August, Energy Minister Suhail Al Mazrouei said in a Tweet.
  • Diesel sales at India’s three biggest fuel retailers fell 12% to 4.3m tons in August from a month earlier, while gasoline sales rose, according to preliminary data from officials with direct knowledge of the matter.
  • Total and Valero’s Port Arthur refineries on the Texas Gulf Coast, which shut ahead of Hurricane Laura last week, are awaiting full return of power to begin restoring production to normal, people familiar with operations say.
  • A day after letting it lapse, Brazil is considering reapplying a tariff-free quota on American ethanol imports for 90 days in a show of goodwill to President Donald Trump ahead of U.S. elections, people with knowledge of the matter said.

©2020 Bloomberg L.P.

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