New York Budget Includes Plastic Bag Ban, Mansion Tax, Manhattan Toll

(Bloomberg) -- New York lawmakers approved a budget that allows for tolls on cars entering midtown Manhattan, increases sales taxes on multimillion-dollar city homes and ushers in a statewide ban on single-use plastic bags.

They also capped local property tax increases outside New York City at 2 percent a year, ordered sweeping changes to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and scrapped cash bail requirements that jails thousands a year before trial. The budget, struck over the weekend by Governor Andrew Cuomo and legislative leaders, was passed by the Assembly on Monday morning following action in the Senate.

"This is probably the broadest, most sweeping state plan that we have done," Cuomo told reporters in Albany on Sunday. "There are a number of national firsts and it really grapples with the tough issues that have been facing this state for a long time."

New York Budget Includes Plastic Bag Ban, Mansion Tax, Manhattan Toll

Some issues the governor and legislature left undone. Lawmakers remain divided about marijuana legalization, which Cuomo failed to push through after raising expectations of $1 billion in tax revenue for mass transit. They also punted on public financing of political campaigns, instead creating a commission to make rules on how and to whom the government should disburse tax dollars to candidates, saying their findings would be binding unless lawmakers vote to reject them.

Congestion pricing is slated to begin at the end of 2020, which may give its opponents time to launch a counter-attack. Officials still must determine how much drivers will pay to enter Manhattan south of 60th Street. Also left unanswered: which motorists might be exempt, and what break, if any, should Manhattan-bound suburban commuters get after paying stiff tolls for tunnels and bridges.

Double Tax?

U.S. Senator Bob Menendez of New Jersey took to Twitter to suggest that the legislature’s budget vote won’t bring an end to efforts to alter the plan. “@GovMurphy and I agree that the burden of NYC’s congestion pricing is unfairly placed on the backs of NJ drivers. We already pay enough on tolls to get into Manhattan. Any more is a double tax on NJans.”

While well-established in London, New York would be the first city in the U.S. to charge drivers for access. Congestion pricing is projected to raise $1 billion that could be used to pay debt service on $15 billion in bonds for New York’s Metropolitan Transportation Authority, which runs the city’s subways and buses and regional commuter rail lines.

The plan received praise from groups as varied as the Environmental Defense Fund, the Regional Plan Association, the Real Estate Board of New York, Move NY, Uber and scores of other environmental, business, labor, transportation and civic organizations.

Kathryn Wylde, president of the Partnership for New York City, a civic group of corporate chief executives, hailed the congestion pricing vote as “a breakthrough” for management of Manhattan traffic and mass transit. A study conducted for her group found Manhattan congestion costs the region $20 billion a year in delays and lost productivity.

Bags & Taxes

The so-called mansion tax establishes a new scale of graduated levies, starting at 1 percent, usually paid by the buyer, on all New York City apartments selling for $1 million or more. The rate then increases at $2 million and continues to rise until it reaches a top of 4.15 percent on $25 million. It’s expected to raise $365 million, money that would secure about $5 billion in bonds for mass transit. A previous mansion tax imposed a flat 1 percent rate on all apartments starting at $1 million.

The state’s ban on disposable plastic grocery bags, forcing residents to pay for paper bags or re-use their own on grocery store visits starting March 2020, would reduce the 71,000 tons in plastic bags used annually just in New York City, according to the Citizens Budget Commission. The law also allows cities and counties to impose five-cent paper bag taxes, with revenue split so three cents goes to the Environmental Protection Fund and two cents to the municipality.

“Single-use plastics are a first-class and growing environmental nuisance in and of themselves,” said Eric Goldstein, senior attorney and New York City environment director for the Natural Resources Defense Council. “This issue is also symbolic of local efforts that can be undertaken to combat larger problems.”

Cuomo told reporters that he backed the plastic bag ban from his own personal revulsion.

“You see plastic bags hanging from trees like some bizarre Christmas ornaments,” he said. “I’ve been fishing 40 miles out in the ocean and you see a parade of these plastic bags just floating by.”

©2019 Bloomberg L.P.

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