Nigeria Is Running Out of Places to Put its LNG Production
Nigeria is running out of places to park its liquefied natural gas.
The west African nation, one of the world’s top producers of the superchilled fuel, continued to send out tankers of LNG even as demand slumped in line with the virus-stricken global economy. Almost half of the world’s LNG vessels currently deemed floating storage are laden with Nigerian gas, according to commodity tracking firm Kpler.
Nigeria, one of the oldest and biggest suppliers of LNG to Europe, highlights the challenges all producers are facing in the coronavirus pandemic. As demand has collapsed, buyers obliged to take cargoes under long-term contracts are postponing deliveries they don’t need.
Record-low prices for the fuel also mean traders prefer to keep LNG in terminal tanks. That’s created highest inventories at European import facilities for the time of the year since at least 2013 as the chart below shows.
Nigeria sent so many cargoes in April that some ships are now taking three times longer to reach its key export market of Europe as deliveries are deferred. Some delays are occurring for arrivals into Spain, which has more import terminals than any other European nation.
The longer LNG stays on the water, the more desperate cargo owners feel the need to offload, said Manas Satapathy, the managing director for energy at Accenture Plc. That’s because prices will probably only fall in coming weeks, and it costs money to keep LNG in tankers.
“The worst is yet to come, we will likely see super low prices in late June, July, August,” said Satapathy. “We are still in the declining mode, we haven’t reached the bottom yet, the bottom will be in late summer.”
One vessel, the LNG River Niger, departed from Nigeria in the second half of March and still hasn’t unloaded, according to Kpler. The ship is in the Arabian Sea, according to ship-tracking data compiled by Bloomberg.
Other examples of what appear to be deferred tankers are the LNG Abalamabie and LNG Borno. Both loaded in the middle of April but won’t arrive at France’s Dunkirk and Montoir, respectively, until May 27. The journey usually takes less than two weeks.
Both ships are idling off the Canary Islands along with the LNG Bayelsa and LNG Cross River, which plan to unload at Spain’s Huelva facility later this month.
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Spanish terminals are expected to be even fuller in June, reaching max capacity at times, as 25 ships are expected next month versus 23 in May, data from operator Enagas SA show.
Spanish regulation allows shippers to move a small percentage of scheduled ships from one month to another. That remains a commercial decision of shippers, who can also decide whether to keep gas in tanks or put it into the grid.
Nigeria LNG wasn’t immediately available to comment.
©2020 Bloomberg L.P.