Two Key Things That Keep IndiGo Ahead Of SpiceJet
WATCH | Indigo vs SpiceJet
SpiceJet Ltd. has added the most capacity since the grounding of Jet Airways India Ltd. Yet, its larger peer InterGlobe Aviation Ltd. remains better placed operationally in a market grappling with falling yields, volatile costs and engine glitches.
Average fare per passenger per kilometre, or yields, have been falling in India because of higher capacity addition, weak demand and competition in India. Crude prices and the dollar remained fairly volatile. For an airline, cost volatility is high, as 60-70 percent of its expenses are dollar-denominated and fuel accounts for more than a third of its costs.
IndiGo, India’s largest carrier, scores higher on two key parameters even as SpiceJet is looking to catch up.
IndiGo’s cost per unit is lower than that of SpiceJet. On an average, in the last five quarters, IndiGo’s cost per available seat kilometre remained lower by 17 percent, according to data disclosed by the companies. That helped the airline to report profits or pare losses even as yields declined.
These costs could come down as the share of fuel-efficient A320neos and A321 increases in its fleet. To be sure, the aircraft are facing engine issues and IndiGo has said that Airbus has delayed deliveries.
IndiGo has a stronger balance sheet with higher free cash on books worth Rs 8,700 crore and a better liquidity ratio—cash-to-sales—of 26 percent. Usually, keeping a fifth of the sales as cash is considered safe for airlines globally.
A stronger balance sheet is even more important for airlines as the operating environment is volatile because of changing costs.
IndiGo, with three times the size of SpiceJet, doubled its share in the domestic market in the last five years. Its international share doubled in just a year, and the airline plans to add more capacity on global routes.
International operations act as a hedge against foreign currency movements and help lower costs. That’s because fuel used for international flights does not attract any taxes and is cheaper outside India.
IndiGo still aims to grow its overall capacity at more than 20 percent. But it lowered the forecast twice in 45 days and now hopes to increase capacity by 22-23 percent in the ongoing fiscal ending March, down from the original estimate of 30 percent.
What SpiceJet Is Banking On
SpiceJet is expecting the return of Boeing 737 Max aircraft, which were grounded because of global safety issues. The planes are 15 percent more fuel efficient compared to SpiceJet’s existing fleet and have 20 percent higher seating capacity.
The airline expects the aircraft to be back in service by the end of January. Boeing, however, has said that additional delays are possible as regulators around the world evaluate the 737 Max, including its proposed software upgrade.
SpiceJet plans to negotiate higher discounts with Boeing, thus boosting sale and leaseback income on aircraft delivery, said Edelweiss Securities in its note. The company also expects compensation from Boeing for the grounded planes in the coming quarters.
SpiceJet has partly offset the 737 Max grounding by adding capacity, aided by the closure of Jet Airways. The Ajay Singh-led airline increased its capacity by more than 50 percent in the second quarter ended September—the most in last four years. That’s because, according to SBICAP Securities, it received most of the slots vacated by Jet Airways.
SpiceJet also narrowed the gap with IndiGo on non-fuel costs. The difference fell to 20 percent in the second quarter from 29-30 percent three months earlier. The management targets to bring it down to 10 percent.
And unlike IndiGo, the nation’s second-largest carrier has seen a stable management even as founders of IndiGo were engaged in a public quarrel. While that didn’t result in any financial impact on IndiGo, it remains an overhang.
Analysts are more bullish on SpiceJet. The average of 12-month price targets compiled by Bloomberg implies a 32 percent upside of SpiceJet compared with 26 percent for IndiGo.
SpiceJet also has a higher percentage of ‘Buy’ ratings because of its lower valuations.