Gun Law Overhaul Agreed in New Zealand After Mosque Attacks
(Bloomberg) -- Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern’s Cabinet resolved Monday to overhaul New Zealand’s gun laws after the nation’s worst mass shooting in modern history left 50 people dead.
Ardern told reporters in Wellington that ministers had made “in-principle decisions around the reform of our gun laws” and would make an announcement on the proposed changes before Cabinet meets again next Monday. “This ultimately means that within 10 days of this horrific act of terrorism we will have announced reforms which will I believe will make our communities safer,” she said.
The nation is reeling from Friday’s apparently well-planned terrorist attack in which a gunman opened fire on worshippers in two mosques in the South Island city of Christchurch, and live-streamed the shootings to social media. Police recovered two semi-automatic weapons, two shotguns and a lever-action firearm, which the attacker could own legally because he had a category-A gun license.
Brenton Tarrant, a 28-year-old Australian, appeared in court at the weekend charged with one count of murder and is likely to face further charges. Police believe there was only one attacker, Commissioner Mike Bush confirmed today.
“That doesn’t mean there weren’t possibly other people in support, and that continues to form a very, very important part of our investigation,” he said. “The threat level in New Zealand remains high and you will continue to see for weeks to come high vigilance and high visibility from the New Zealand police.”
The country’s gun ownership rate has risen in the past decade to become one of the highest in the world, yet its homicide rate remains well below global norms as many of those weapons belong to hunters and farmers. The previous government in 2017 rejected recommendations from a parliamentary inquiry to tighten the laws.
Ardern wouldn’t be drawn on the decisions Cabinet made but said the three parties that form the government were united and it was simply a case of working through details. She has indicated her response to the mosque shootings may echo that taken in Australia, which enacted sweeping reforms after a massacre in 1996 left 35 people dead.
Tarrant didn’t show up on any government security watch-list, nor did he have a criminal record in New Zealand. Ardern said the government would hold an inquiry into whether any warning signs were missed by national security and intelligence agencies.
Gun City Managing Director David Tipple said today that the retailer sold four category-A firearms and ammunition to the shooter. All sales followed a police-verified online mail order process and the company detected nothing extraordinary about the license holder, he said. However, the weapon reportedly used in the shootings was not purchased from Gun City, Tipple told a news conference.
Civilian gun ownership in New Zealand has increased 62 percent since 2005, according to GunPolicy.org, a firearm prevention group, with the total number of weapons, both legal and illicit, reaching 1.5 million in 2017.
Nevertheless, murders using guns are rare. In the decade to 2015, there were only two years in which the number of such homicides reached 10 or more. The nation’s overall homicide rate of 1.2 per 100,000 people is well below the global rate of 6.4, according to a WHO report from 2015.
Gun licenses can be obtained starting at 16 years of age. Residents must show up at their police arms office, typically at the police station, to apply in person. There are restrictions on semi-automatic guns, and the licenses of gun dealers must be renewed annually.
A parliamentary inquiry released in April 2017 urged tighter gun registrations, more controls on gun dealers and owners, and the creation of a new category of restricted semi-automatic weapons. Most of the recommendations were rejected by the government, then ruled by the center-right National Party.
Australia undertook a huge overhaul of gun-ownership laws in the wake of the 1996 massacre in the tourist town of Port Arthur. Conservative Prime Minister John Howard angered the gun lobby and some rural voters by quickly pushing through legislation that banned semi-automatic weapons and tightened registration rules. The changes have been credited with making mass shootings relatively rare in the country.
“Australia’s reforms after Port Arthur should be an inspiration for all nations,” said Hera Cook, a lecturer in public health in Wellington for the University of Otago. “Debate about gun reform here is driven by the gun lobby, but it should be centered around the principle that New Zealanders deserve to be kept safe.”
Along with a ban on semi-automatics, she says New Zealand needs a clampdown on weapons advertising and a register of all firearms.
Gun shops reported increased sales around the country on Saturday, including semi-automatics, ammunition and magazines, as people rushed to acquire them before the government acts, according to the Newsroom website.
New Zealand auction site Trade Me said Monday it was halting the sale of semi-automatic weapons while it waits for more clarity from the government.
Tarrant grew up in the small Australian city of Grafton and worked in a local gym as a personal trainer, Australia’s Nine News reported. He left his job in 2010 after the death of his father and traveled extensively. Turkey has confirmed he spent considerable time there, and there are reports he also visited Pakistan, North Korea and Eastern Europe.
Tarrant posted a manifesto online before the attack, suggesting a racially-motivated act of terrorism. In a rambling document that’s dozens of pages long, he says he was inspired by Norwegian terrorist Anders Behring Breivik, who was responsible for the deaths of 77 people in 2011.
Australian authorities are helping New Zealand with its investigations. Counter-terrorism officers on Monday searched two homes in the same region as Grafton to obtain material to assist with the probe.
Tarrant’s family continue to “assist police with their inquiries,” police said in a statement.
Ardern said she is seeking advice on Tarrant’s possible deportation to Australia but it was too soon to say whether that is likely.
“He will certainly face the justice system of New Zealand for the terrorist act he committed here,” she told a news conference on Sunday. “As for the remainder I am seeking advice. I don’t want to pre-empt anything.”
©2019 Bloomberg L.P.