Pedestrians pass in front of Gap Inc. and Old Navy Inc. stores in the Times Square area of New York, U.S. (Photographer: Mark Kauzlarich/ Bloomberg)

Gap Surges After Announcing Plan to Spin Off Old Navy

(Bloomberg) -- Gap Inc.’s announcement that it’s spinning off the best part of its business -- Old Navy -- sent the apparel retailer’s shares soaring 25 percent in premarket trading.

The remaining company, which still needs a name, will consist of the namesake Gap brand, Athleta and Banana Republic, plus a couple of lesser known brands. It will have annual revenue of about $9 billion, compared to Old Navy’s $8 billion, the company said.

Analysts called the split a smart one -- and one the struggling parent company should have considered long ago.

Gap Surges After Announcing Plan to Spin Off Old Navy

“It’s absolutely long overdue. I’m stunned it hadn’t happened already. How much more can the strength of Old Navy prop up the rest of the business?” said Wendy Liebmann, chief executive officer of WSL Strategic Retail. “It’s almost as if they used Old Navy as a smokescreen to hide the absolute urgency to do some fundamental things with the other businesses.”

Mall Slump

The Gap brand has struggled as part of a broader slump for brick and mortar retailers, even as the lower-priced Old Navy brand has resonated with discount shoppers. In the latest quarter -- the critical holiday period -- Old Navy’s same-store sales were flat, while Gap and Banana Republic sales were both negative.

As part of the reorganization, the company will slash the store count of the struggling Gap brand by closing 230 locations over the next two years. These closures will erase $625 million in sales. Art Peck, who’s been leading parent company Gap, said the company doesn’t know the exact number of job losses from the planned store closures but will try to minimize the number.

Peck said that he expects both companies will be strong enough as standalone entities to manage the large supply chains and relationships that keep them running.

“Let’s remember these are both $8 and $9 billion companies, so it’s not like they’re small,” Peck said in an interview Thursday. He said both of these companies are “substantially larger by a multiple of many of their competitors.”

History of Struggles

Gap’s struggles have been brewing for some time, from declining mall traffic to operational issues. One of the most famous missteps came in 2010 when the company unveiled a new Gap logo. Some shoppers complained, so it ditched it just a week later.

There’s also been a sense that the Gap brand lost its fashion sense, falling out touch with its core customers. The three largest brands were meant to complement each other, with Old Navy pulling in families with discounts, Gap resonating with high school and college students and Banana Republic a go-to for young professionals. The model has frayed in recent years, with the Gap brand under increasing pressure amid complaints about its clothes and messy stores.

“I would invest in the Old Navy spin. I’m not so sure on NewCo; that’s still going to take some time,” said Jennifer Redding, Wedbush Securities analyst. “I don’t think this is the magic bullet but it’s positive. There’s still work to do.”

Gap Surges After Announcing Plan to Spin Off Old Navy

Peck will stay in charge at the new company. Peck has been there most of the way, first taking charge of the Gap brand in North America in 2011.

“Maybe the board just said, ‘What we need to do is stabilize the remainder of the company before we think about a new person at the head,’” Liebmann said of Peck retaining his role. “Gap is not Gap, the brand is not relevant anymore. Look at the store windows, it’s all incredibly generic.”

Sonia Syngal, now CEO of Old Navy, will keep leading Old Navy when it becomes a standalone company. The transaction is expected to be completed in 2020, if it gets approval.

“They weren’t getting any value for Old Navy. They are making the right decision,” said Poonam Goyal, an analyst with Bloomberg Intelligence. “It makes so much sense.”

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