Chevron Keeps Venezuela Foothold With U.S. Sanctions Waiver

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Chevron Corp. and top American oil-service companies won an extension to keep a limited presence in Venezuela despite U.S. sanctions intended to starve President Nicolas Maduro’s regime of petrodollars.

In the first renewal granted under President Joe Biden’s administration, the U.S. Treasury Department extended until Dec. 1 its authorization for Chevron, Halliburton Co., Schlumberger Ltd., Baker Hughes Co. and Weatherford International Plc to conduct business that’s essential to preserve their assets, protect employees and reimburse contractors. The previous deadline was June 3. Since last year, the companies have been barred from any activity related to producing oil.

Venezuela, home to the world’s largest crude reserves, has seen its once-massive oil industry collapse under the sanctions imposed on Maduro’s regime. Though crude prices have surged as the global economy begins to recover from the Covid-19 pandemic, oil production from the South American country has barely risen.

The reprieve comes amid moves from the Maduro regime that could lead to an eventual thawing of tensions between Washington and Caracas. Maduro reached an agreement to allow the United Nations World Food Program to start operating in Venezuela and moved American Citgo Petroleum Corp. executives from prison to house arrest, while Venezuela’s congress approved a new electoral board that includes Maduro opponents. Opposition leader Juan Guaido in May proposed gradually easing sanctions as an incentive for Maduro to schedule free elections.

Maduro and Washington Send Signals of Tentative Detente

Chevron will “continue to comply with applicable laws and regulations in relation to the activities that it is authorized to undertake in Venezuela,” spokesman Ray Fohr said in an email. The San Ramon, California-based company is committed to the integrity of joint venture assets and the safety and wellbeing of employees.

Chevron first set foot in Venezuela in the 1920s and has since become one of the largest private oil companies operating in the country. It’s a partner of Petroleos de Venezuela SA in four oil ventures which in 2019 produced 34,000 barrels of crude oil.

The U.S. ratcheted up sanctions against Caracas in early 2019 by imposing a de facto ban on PDVSA followed by sanctions on two Rosneft PJSC subsidiaries and multiple lesser-known companies helping the country to export oil. The OPEC founding member currently produced 445,000 barrels a day in April, about 20% of what it used to produce five years ago.

©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

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