Carlyle To Raise Stake As PNB Housing Finance Mops Up Rs 4,000 Crore
Labourers work at a real estate construction site in Mumbai (Photographer: Dhiraj Singh/Bloomberg)

Carlyle To Raise Stake As PNB Housing Finance Mops Up Rs 4,000 Crore

A clutch of investors led by a Carlyle entity will invest Rs 4,000 crore in PNB Housing Finance Ltd., adding to the private equity group’s existing investment in the company and making it the largest shareholder.

The investors will also launch an open offer for 26% of the company’s expanded voting share capital as required by regulation, the home financier said in a notice to stock exchanges on Monday.

The company’s shares spiked 20% on announcement of the deal.

As part of the transaction:

  • Pluto Investments, an affiliated entity of private equity fund Carlyle will invest up to Rs 3,185 crore through a preferential allotment of equity shares and warrants, at a price of Rs 390 per share.
  • Post the allotment of equity and warrants, Pluto Investments will hold 30.2% in PNB Housing Finance.
  • Carlyle, through a separate vehicle, Quality Investment Holdings, currently owns 32.2% in PNB Housing Finance.
  • Cumulatively, across its two investment vehicles, Carlyle will hold just 50% after the capital raise, according to BloombergQuint’s calculations.
  • General Atlantic Singapore is investing Rs 390 crore as part of the deal and will hold 9.8% post equity and warrant allotment. It is an existing investor in the company and currently holds 9.9%.
  • Alpha Investment, a fund managed by SSG Group will hold 3.8%.
  • Aditya Puri, former managing director of HDFC Bank Ltd. and now adviser to Carlyle, is also investing through his family investing vehicle. Puri will invest Rs 25 crore and hold 0.2% in the company.
Punjab National Bank’s shareholding, according to BloombergQuint’s calculations, will reduce from 32.6% to about 20.8%. It will continue to be the promoter and a key stakeholder in the company, the press release said.

In February, BloombergQuint reported that the Reserve Bank of India had stopped public-sector lender Punjab National Bank from participating in a proposed Rs 1,800 crore fund raise by PNB Housing Finance as the regulator preferred the lender use available capital for its own needs first. The regulator had written to the lender saying that PNB Housing Finance should raise funds from the open market (external investors) rather than approach its parent, people familiar with the matter had said.

PNB Housing Finance currently has a capital adequacy ratio of 18.7%, which will rise to 28% post the transaction. Its gearing, presently at 6.7x, will reduce to below 5x. The gearing is a ratio of owner equity to funds borrowed by the company.

The fund raise, according to the exchange filings, will allow the company to increase focus on the fast growing affordable housing finance market. It will also allow for expansion of the existing business directly and via co-origination models.

PNB Housing Finance is the fourth largest housing finance company in India in terms of loan assets, which stood at Rs 62,255 crore as of March 31, 2021. It holds deposits worth Rs17,129 crore.

For the year ended March 31, 2021, PNB Housing Finance reported a net profit of Rs 930 crore compared to Rs 646 crore a year ago. It’s gross non performing assets ratio, as on March 31, 2021, was at 4.44% as against 2.75% as on March 31, 2020. The net NPA ratio was at 2.43% as against 1.75% as on March 31, 2020.

“This fund raise, and Carlyle’s continued support, puts us in a strong position to benefit from the growing opportunities in the housing finance sector including in the affordable housing loans and self-employed segments, where we have developed differentiated capabilities in terms of distribution, underwriting and customer service,” Hardayal Prasad, chief executive of PNB Housing said in the press release announcing the investment.

“This substantial additional investment reflects Carlyle’s strong commitment to India as a core market. We look forward to continuing our partnership with a leading bank like PNB to support the company as it embarks on a new growth journey,” Sunil Kaul, managing director of Carlyle Asia Advisory team said in the release.

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